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Neuroscience, Philosophy, Psychiatry, Psychoanalysis, Psychology, Social Thought

Garrison & Morton or Heirs of Hippocrates, Antiquarian Books

List 1755 Created: 27 Oct 2009

Last Revised: 17 Aug 2011

Section 2: Garrison & Morton or Heirs of Hippocrates Books: Facsimiles, Reprints, & Less Costly Books

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1. Abernethy, John (1764-1831).
Physiological Lectures, Exhibiting a General View of Mr. Hunter's Physiology and of his Researches in Comparative Anatomy. Delivered before the College of Surgeons in 1817. London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1817. 1st Edition. [iv]+352pp. Original paper-backed drab blue-gray boards with paper spine label. Boards detached, top and bottom of spine quite worn but paper label still intact, an untrimmed copy in original boards with library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title-page and several other leaves. Early 19th century owner's ink signature to the title-page ("Geo. Frick"). Scarce. Inquire | Order $250.00
Heirs of Hippocrates 1198. "A pupil of John Hunter, Abernethy became a leading surgeon in London. He was most industrious, and it is said that not even on his wedding day did he fail to give his usual daily lecture at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. In his 1809 book on surgery he reported the first successful ligation of the external iliac artery for aneurysm, an operation carried out by Abernethy in 1796" [GM 5584]. "Abernethy became a surgical apprentice at St. Bartholomew's Hospital at an early age and also studied anatomy and was prosector at the London Hospital. . . . Abernethy had attended many of John Hunter's lectures and had a very high opinion of Hunter's scientific and medical ideas" [Heirs 1196, a different Abernethy book].
2. Adler, Alfred (1870-1937).
Study of Organ Inferiority and Its Psychical Compensation: A Contribution to Clinical Medicine. Translation by Smith Ely Jelliffe (1866-1945) of Studie über Mindwertigkeit von Organen (1907). Nervous and Mental Disease Monograph Series No. 24. New York: The Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing Company, 1917. 1st Edition in English. x+86+[2]pp. Printed brown wrappers with black lettering. Spine worn with several small defective spots, else very good. Uncommon. *SOLD*
GM 4984; Heirs of Hippocrates 2280.
Adler's second book to appear in English, this marks the beginning of his cultural-psychiatric concerns (see chapters 7 & 8 in Stepansky's 1983 In Freud's Shadow for a full discussion) and introduced the concept of the inferiority complex.
3. Andral, G[abriel] (1797-1876).
A Treatise on Pathological Anatomy. Translated by Richard Townsend & William West. New York: Samuel Wood & Sons, 1832. 2 volumes. 1st American Edition. [First published 1829 in Paris.] viii+424; xviii+[2]+507+[1]pp. Contemporary calf with red leather spine labels (different leather for the two volumes). Leather scuffed, moreso for the first volume, a good set with library bookplates and rubber stamp to the title-pages and a number of other leaves in each volume. Inquire | Order $150.00
Heirs of Hippocrates 1582 [this edition]. Cordasco 30-0022. An important period treatise. Andral published the first monograph on haemotology [GM 3060] and made a number of notable contributions to neurology. "In 1828 he became professor of hygiene [at the Paris Faculty of Medicine] and in 1839 succeeded Broussais as chair of general pathology and therapeutics, a position he held with great success for the next twenty-seven years. Only a year after assuming the professorship of hygiene, Andral published this comprehensive treatise on pathological anatomy" [Heirs 1581]. "Andral asked an Irish physician, Richard Townsend (fl. 1795), to translate the present work soon after its publication and the project was begun immediately. However, before the translation could be completed, Townsend 'was obliged to go to the continent' (p. [v]) and he asked a colleague, William West (d. 1837), to complete the task. West did so and published both volumes at Dublin, the first in 1829 and the second in 1831" [Heirs 1582].
4. Ariëns Kappers, Cornelius (1877-1946) & Crosby, Elizabeth Caroline (born 1888).
The Comparative Anatomy of the Nervous System of Vertebrates Including Man. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1936. 2 volumes. 1st Edition in English. xvii+[3]+864, [2]+xi+[3]+865-1845+[1]pp. 710 text illustrations. Heavy 4to. Panelled blue buckram with gilt spine lettering. Owner's ink inscription to both front flyleaves, joints and edges rubbed (more heavily to the second volume), a good plus set. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $285.00
GM 1248 (1st German edition).
One of the great 20th century works in neuroscience, this is a much enlarged version of Kappers' encyclopedic Die vergleichende Anatomie des Nervensystems der Wirbeltiere und des Menschen. (Haarlem: Bohm, 1920, 1921 2 volumes).
5. Baas, Joh[ann] Hermann (1838-1909).
Outlines of the History of Medicine and the Medical Professions. Translated, and in Conjunction with the Author Revised and Enlarged by H[enry] E[benezer] Handerson (1837-1918). Translation of Grundriss der Geschichte der Medicin (Stuttgart: Enke, 1876). New York: J. H. Vail & Co., 1889. 1st Edition in English. vi+1173+[1]pp. Heavy 8vo. Pebbled black cloth with gilt-stamped spine. Minor gouge to the rear joint, else a very good ex-library copy with bookplate, rubber stamp to the title, rear pocket, and whited spine call number. Uncommon. *SOLD*
GM-5 6389. The first important one-volume history of medicine and the standard history until superseded by Garrison.
6. Baillie, Matthew (1761-1823).
The Morbid Anatomy of Some of the Most Important Parts of the Human Body. London: Printed by W. Bulmer and Co. … for G. and W. Nicol … and F. Cox, 1818. 5th Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published London 1793 (2nd edition 1797).] [4]+lxiii+[1]+482+[2]pp. Recent 1/4 calf with marbled boards, gilt spine tooling, and red morocco spine label. 19th century library rubber stamp to the title-page and several other leaves, else a very good, clean and attractive copy. The last edition revised by Baillie. Inquire | Order $300.00
Norman Catalog 108; Cushing B37; Heirs of Hippocrates [all the 1st edition]. The first systematic textbook of pathology, "treating the subject for the first time as an independent science" [GM-5 2280]. In the 1793 first edition Baillie clearly and comprehensively described the pulmonary lesions of tuberculosis, differentiating the nodular and infiltrating types [GM 3218] and gave the first clear description of the morbid anatomy and symptoms of gastric ulcer [GM 3427]; in the 1797 second edition "Baillie suggested a relationship between rheumatic fever and valvular heart disease" [GM 2736] and gave the first clinical description of chronic obstructive pulmonary emphysema (alleged to be based on Samuel Johnson's autopsy) [GM 3167.1].
7. Bergstrand, [Karl Joseph] Hilding (born 1886), et al.
Gefässmissbildungen und Gefässgeschwülste der Gehirns. Leipzig: Georg Thieme, Verlag, 1936. 1st Edition. 181+[3]pp. 137 text figures. Printed pale blue wrappers with black lettering. Slight chipping to the top edge of the front wrapper and half-title, else very good with The Hartford Retreat's embossed stamp to the title-page and quiet call number to the base of the spine. Uncommon. With Smith Ely Jelliffe's bookplate and autopen signature to the title-page and front cover. Stamped "Besprechuns-Stück" [Review copy] on the title-page and datestamped Apr 9 1936. *SOLD*
GM 4904.1: "Olivecrona first successfully removed an intracranial aneurysm in 1932." The leading Swedish neurosurgeon, Olivecrona was director of the Neurosurgical Clinic in Stockholm.

"In a monograph of 1936 [this book], four additional excisions were reported" [Walker's History of Neurological Surgery, p. 267].

8. Bigelow, Henry J[acob] (1818-1890).
A Lecture Introductory to the Course of Surgery, Delivered at the Massachusetts Medical College, in Boston. Boston: David Clapp, Printer, 1850. 1st Edition. 24pp. Printed green wrappers with black front lettering, stitched as issued. Very slight chipping to the spine tips, else a very good to near fine copy. Scarce. Inquire | Order $350.00
Cordasco 50-0159. "Bigelow was elected professor of surgery at Harvard in 1849 and this was his first opportunity to deliver an introductory address to the opening session of a new course of lectures. He commented that 'it is my intention, with your permission, to briefly review our subject in connection with science, and with the community' (p. [3]). Bigelow goes on to discuss the broad principles of surgery, the importance of clinical instruction, operative surgery, malpractice, and quackery" [Heirs of Hippocrates #1860].
9. Billings, John S[haw] (1838-1913).
The History and Literature of Surgery. [A separate from Frederic S. Dennis' System of Surgery Volume I]. [Philadelphia]: Lea Brothers & Co., 1895. 1st Edition. [2]+[17]-144pp. Later maroon library buckram with gilt-stamped spine. A tight copy with library bookplate, rubber stamp to the title-page and spine call number. Inquire | Order $125.00
GM 5899. A valuable, bibliographically oriented history, published—alas!—without an index. Billings was the first director of the Army Medical Museum and Library, which became the National Library of Medicine. He was probably the first American to take medical bibliography seriously.
10. Billroth, Theodor (1829-1894).
General Surgical Pathology and Therapeutics, in Fifty Lectures. A Text-Book for Students and Practitioners. Translated from the Fourth German Edition [of Die allgemeine chirurgische Pathologie und Therapie], with the Special Permission of the Author, and Revised from the Sixth Edition, by Charles E. Hackley, Surgeon to the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1877. 2nd Edition in English, 1st printing. [First published 1863 in German; First issued in English translation in 1871.] xviii+697+[5]pp. + 32 page inserted rear catalog dated 1877. 169 text woodcuts. Pebbled paneled ocher cloth with gilt spine lettering and glazed yellow endpapers. Rear flyleaf excised, hinges quite cracked, head and foot of spine shelfworn, stilla reasonable copy with library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title--page and several other leaves. Inquire | Order $125.00
GM-5 5608; Heirs of Hippocrates 1952 (both the 1863 first edition). An important and long-lived textbook of surgery and medical therapeutics—Billroth was one of the first to introduce antisepsis in Europe. "From 1867 he was Director of Surgical Clinic and Prof. of Surgery in Vienna and attained great fame. Wrote important books on surgical pathology and in bacteriology, but was unfortunate in his interpretation in regard to surgical infections of bacterial origin" [Bulloch, A History of Bacteriology, p. 353].

The Naming of Schizophrenia

11. Bleuler, [Paul] E[ugen] (1857-1939).
Dementia Praecox oder Gruppe der Schizophrenien. Handbuch der Psychiatrie, herausgegeben von G[ustav] Aschaffenburg Spezieller Teil, 4. Abteilung, 1. Hälfte. Leipzig und Wien: Franz Deuticke, 1911. 1st Edition. xii+420pp. Printed green buckram. A fine copy. Enclosed in a cloth drop-box. Haskell Norman's copy with his bookplate. *SOLD*
GM 4957; Norman Catalog 245.
Next to the 8th edition of Kraepelin's great Lehrbuch, Bleuler's is the most important modern psychiatric text. Besides renaming Kraepelin's' "Dementia Praecox" with the unfortunate term now universally in use, Bleuler reconceptualized the syndrome, classifying "the disorder into hebephrenic, catatonic, and paranoid; differentiated the primary disturbances, essentially loose associations, from the secondary disturbances such as autism and hallucinations; … focused on the content of the syndrome, such as displacement and condensation; and presented a much more optimistic view of its outcome than " Kraepelin's [George Mora, "Historical and Theoretical Trends in Psychiatry," p. 77 in Kaplan et al. Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry, 2nd edition, Vol. I.
12. Bleuler, [Paul] E[ugen].
Lehrbuch der Psychiatrie. Berlin: Verlag von Julius Springer, 1916. 1st Edition. viii+518+[2]pp. 49 text figures. Heavy 8vo. Original printed buff wrappers with black lettering. Spine split, edges of wrappers lightly chipped, else a very good copy. Quite uncommon. Inquire | Order $350.00
Norman Catalog #249; Heirs of Hippocrates 2197.
One of the great psychiatric textbooks, the popularity of which is evidenced by its many later editions (a 15th edition appeared in 1983). Together, Kraepelin's and Bleuler's Lehrbücher defined the cognitive horizons for twentieth century psychiatry.
13. Blumenbach, Jo[hann] Fred[=Friedrich] (1752-1840).
Elements of Physiology. Translated from the Latin of the Fourth and Last Edition, and Supplied with Copious Notes by John Elliotson. Translation of Institutiones physiologicae (1st edition translated and edited by Elliotson published in 1815). London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1828. [First published 1787 in Latin; First issued in English translation in 1795 in Philadelphia.] xvi+581+[1]pp. Contemporary 1/2 calf with marbled boards. Light foxing and browning, a very good copy with library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title-page and several other leaves. Uncommon. First printing of Elliotson's translation of the fourth edition. Inquire | Order $250.00
Heirs #1114 (1795 American edition); Wellcome II, p. 183. Blumenach's important textbook of physiology. "Physician, physiologist, historian, and bibliographer, Blumenbach is generally regarded as the founder of scientific anthropology. His classification of the sub-divisions of the human race, which forms the latter part of this work, was the first to utilize facial configuration as well as skin color, and the system has survived to the present with but little modification" [Heirs of Hippocrates #1113 (original Latin edition)]. Elliotson also translated and annotated the 3rd Latin edition in 1817.
14. Borst, Max[imilian] (1869-1946).
Die Lehre von den Geschwülsten mit einem mikroskopischen Atlas. Wiesbaden: Verlag von J. F. Bergmann, 1902. 2 volumes. 1st Edition. xxxiii+[3]+509+[3]; [iii]+[510]-998+[3pp. + 38 lithographic color plates in Band I & 25 in Band II, each with multiple figures and leaf of descriptive text. The plates in Band I are lettered A-R [no 'I'], I-XXI; XXII-XXXVI in Band II. Small 4to. Contemporary 1/2 red morocco with cloth-covered boards and decorative endpapers. A working or binding set only: boards detached (with flyleaf, blank, and half-title and last plate in Band I also detached), spine lacking to Band II and quite worn and defective to Band I. Library bookplates and rubber stamp to the title-pages and obverse of the plates. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $125.00
An important book in the history of oncology. "'With this book the microscopical epoch in the evolution of the knowledge of cancer may be said to have been brought to a close' (Haagensen)" [GM 2625].
15. Bramwell, Byron (1847-1931).
The Diseases of the Spinal Cord. New York: William Wood & Company, 1882. 1st American Edition. [2]+[xxiv]+300+[2]pp. 151 illustrations, about half text woodcuts and half paginated tinted lithographic plates. Embossed bevel-edged teal cloth with gilt-stamped spine. Some smoke-darkening to the front and rear leaves, a very good copy with moderate shelfwear. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $285.00
GM-5 #4565; Courville 285; Haymaker & Schiller Founders, p. 415; McHenry p. 319; Heirs to Hippocrates 2102 (1886 revised edition). With two exceptions taken from Charcot, the chromolithographs were all drawn by Bramwell himself, first with camera lucida, then in chalk.

"Bramwell graduated in medicine from Edinburgh in 1869 and entered private practice with his father. In 1872 he began teaching medical jurisprudence at Durham University and in 1874 became physician and pathologist in Newcastle-on-Tyne. In 1880 he returned to Scotland to teach on the faculty at Edinburgh, subsequently being appointed pathologist and physician to the Royal Infirmary. Bramwell was an expert diagnostician and a clinical teacher of great skill whose classes were large and well attended. Bramwell was interested in diseases of the nervous system and his Intracranial Tumours (Edinburgh 1888) became a standard work in the field during the late nineteenth century. The present work became a textbook of great repute and was widely used during his day" [Heirs].

16. Broussais, F[rançois]-J[oseph]-V[ictor] (1772-1838).
De l'irritation et de la folie, ouvrage dans lequel les rapports du physique et du moral sont établis sur les bases de la médecine physiologique. Paris: Chez Delauney / a Bruxelles: au Depôt Générale de la Librairie Médicale Française, 1828. 1st Edition. xxxii+590+[2]pp. Contemporary cloth-backed green marbled boards. Text block detached; joints & extremities quite worn; some dampstaining to the gutters of the first several signatures; internally a clean, unfoxed and untrimmed copy with wide margins. Signed by Delauney on the verso of the title-page (to prevent piracy). Inquire | Order $225.00
Cited in McHenry's list of Classical, Original, and Standard Works in Neurology (p.478); Heirs of Hippocrates 1217; Semelaigne I, p. 140; DSB II:507-509. Very much a psychological book, written after Broussais had become a champion of Gall's phrenological ideas. Divided into two parts, the first devoted to irritation considered with respect to health & disease; the second to an application of Broussais' "physiological doctrine" to madness. The first part (pages 1-329) is almost entirely devoted to a discussion of the sympathetic nervous system as it relates to instinct and the intellectual faculties. Published in an English translation with notes by Thomas Cooper in Columbia, South Carolina in 1831.

The extension of Broussais's gastro-intestinal theory of disease to insanity, an expanded second edition of which appeared in 1839. His theory that all disease depended on irritation of local organs, a modified form of Brunonism, was very influential in its time. This is the major extension of his ideas to psychiatry.

17. Calmeil, L[ouis] F[lorentine] (1798-1895).
De la paralysie considérée chez les aliénés, recherches faites dans le service de feu M. Royer-Collard et de M. Esquirol. Paris: Chez J.-B. Baillière, Libraire / A Londres: Mème Maison, 1826. 1st Edition. [iv]+446pp. Contemporary marbled boards, rebacked. Edges chipped, else a very good copy with the embossed title-page stamp and whited spine call number of The Hartford Retreat. Uncommon. Smith Ely Jelliffe's copy with his bookplate and autopen signature to the title-page. Inquire | Order $450.00
Zilboorg (1942) p. 529; GM #4109.
Along with Bayle, Calmeil established general paresis as the first separately identified neuropsychiatric disease entity (which Calmeil named general paralysis of the insane in this book).
18. Camus, Jean (1872-1924) & Pagniez, Philippe.
Isolement et psychothérapie: traitement de l'hysterie et de la neurasthénie pratique de la reéducation morale et physique. Préface by J. Déjerine. Paris: Félix Alcan, Éditeur, Ancienne Librairie Germer Baillière et Cie, 1904. 1st Edition. viii+407+[1]pp. + inserted 32 page Alcan catalog dated December 1901. Heavy 8vo. Printed blue wrappers. Wrappers detached and chipped, sheets somewhat acidic and browned. Presentation copy inscribed on the half-title "A mon cher Maître Monsieur le Docteur P. E. Lannois // Hommage d'affectueux devoument // Jean Camus [in Camus' hand] // Respectueux hommage // Philippe Pagniez [in Pagniez's hand]". Haskell Norman's copy without his bookplate. *SOLD*
GM (3rd edition) #5000. An important early psychotherapy text. "According to Dejerine's preface, this work by his pupils Camus and Pagniez was the first general treatise on his method of treating psychoneuroses, a method based on isolation and psychotherapy" [Norman Catalog 394 (this copy)].
19. Charcot, Jean Martin (1825-1893).
Clinical Lectures on the Diseases of Old Age. With Additional Lectures by Alfred L. Loomis. Translation by Leigh H. Hunt of Leçons sur les maladies des viellards et les maladies chroniques (1st published 1867, 2nd edition 1874). Wood's Library of Standard Medical Authors [Volume 64]. New York: William Wood and Company, 1881. 1st American Edition. [First issued in English translation in 1881 in London.] xv+[1]+280pp. + front & rear blanks + 3 tinted rear lithographic plates, each with a descriptive leaf. 28 text woodcuts. Blind-embossed brown cloth with gilt-stamped spine, black front lettering for "Wood's Library of Standard Medical Authors" and with decorative black embossing to the front front board and blind-embossed decoration to the top and bottom of the rear board. Corners bumped, a few tiny discoloration spots to the rear board, rubber stamp to front flyleaf, a very good copy. One of two issues, both with "June" to the upper left corner of the title-page, but this issue in brown cloth, with the date on the title-page, with the printer slug to the copyright page of "Trow's Printing and Bookbinding Company," and without the series volume number on the spine. It's my guess that this issue was probably sold as a trade book and the other distributed to series subscribers. *SOLD*
GM 2222 (citing the French edition of 1867). Freeman 1979 p. 64. The translation issued by the Sydenham Society in London was by William Tuke.
The foundation text for geriatrics, which dominated the study of the aged for decades.

The First Bestselling Diet Book?

20. Cheyne, George (1671-1743).
An Essay of Health and Long Life. London: Printed for George Strahan … and J. Leake, 1724. 1st Edition. [4]+xx+[24]+232pp. Octavo in fours with the preliminary gatherings "e" and "f" misfoliated as a second "c "and "d". Contemporary gilt-paneled calf with sprinkled edges. Nicely rebacked in the mid- to late 20th century with red morocco spine label. A hint of foxing and slight staining to the bottom margins of the first gathering and the last few gatherings, light rubbing to the spine tips and some chafing to the corners. A very attractive copy with original owner's ink signature to the title-page dated 1724. Scarce. Though later editions are pretty common, the first decidedly is not. Inquire | Order $675.00
Freeman 1979 p. 64, cited as one of the 100 classic works on aging. A second edition appeared in 1725; Blake p. 86; Heirs of Hippocrates 761; Osler 2303 (2nd edition); Wellcome II p. 338; Cushing C211. A forerunner to his 1733 English Malady, this was even more popular, going into 10 editions by 1787. Suffering from both depression and obesity, Cheyne spent decades both working out dietary self-cures and (quite successfully) peddling them to the fashionable set. Much of his advice, couched of course in 18th century medical terms, is actually by 21st century standards quite reasonable, This then probably counts as the first bestselling diet book in English.
21. Cheyne, George.
An Essay of Health and Long Life. London: Printed for George Strahan … and J. Leake, 1734. 8th Edition. [First published 1724.] [4]+xx+[24]+232pp. Contemporary paneled calf with leather spine label. Crown worn and (some time ago) repaired somewhat crudely with a leather strip; pencil signature to the title-page dated 1801; ink signature to the flyleaf of Stanley W. Jackson, dated Montreal 1955; a clean, attractive copy. Inquire | Order $225.00
Freeman 1979 p. 64, cited as one of the 100 classic works on aging. Blake p. 86; Heirs of Hippocrates 761; Osler 2303 (2nd edition); Wellcome II p. 338; Cushing C211. A forerunner to his 1733 English Malady, this was even more popular, going into 10 editions by mid-century. Suffering from both depression and obesity, Cheyne spent decades both working out dietary self-cures and (quite successfully) peddling them to the fashionable set. Much of his advice, couched of course in 18th century medical terms, is actually by 21st century standards quite reasonable, This then probably counts as the first bestselling diet book in English.
23. Condillac, Étienne Bonnot de (1715-1780).
Traité des sensations, a madame la Comtesse de Vassé. A Londres; et se vend a Paris: Chez De Bure l'aîné, 1754. 2 volumes. 1st Edition. [4]+vi+343+[1]; [4]+335+[1]pp. Small 8vo. Contemporary mottled calf with decorative gilt spines with red and black morocco labels, and marbled endpapers. Edges tinted red. Front joint to the first volume cracked, early ink owner's signature to the half-title of the first volume and title-page of the second volume. A very good, clean set. Inquire | Order $1,475.00
GM 4968; Heirs of Hippocrates 935; DSB 3: 381; Edwards, Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2: 180-182; Diamond 16.6; Wozniak Mind and Body, p. 33; Rieber catalog #114.

  • A classic contribution to psychology and a high spot of French Enlightenment philosophy. Stimulated both by Diderot's 1749 book on the blind and by the French translations of Locke and Newton that he had read, Condillac attempted to refute Berkeley's idealism by founding human mental phenomena entirely on sensation, as illustrated by his famous fiction of a statue endowed at first with only the sense of smell. Though Condillac's attempt was not entirely successful (as Wozniak points out, "Condillac's extreme sensationalism runs afoul of the obvious fact of variation … in biological constitution"), nevertheless he influenced just about every 18th century author who wrote on philosophical psychology after the publication of his treatise .
  • A clear and highly influential consequence of Condillac's analysis was its conclusion that psychology had perforce to be nominalistic. As Brett wrote, "Condillac thinks that Locke did not really get away from the obsession of innate ideas; he is himself more thorough and tells us that all general ideas are merely ways of regarding special or particular ideas. When we consider similarities we move toward general ideas: if we consider differences we make species; as both are operations of the mind there is no need to assume that the general ideas point to any distinct class of objects, the real universals for example. Psychology, within its own limits, must side with the nominalists" [Brett's History of Psychology, abridged edition, p. 470].

24. Conolly, John (1794-1866).
An Inquiry Concerning the Indications of Insanity with Suggestions for the Better Protection and Care of the Insane. London: Printed for John Taylor, 1830. 1st Edition. vi+496pp. + inserted 16 page catalog at front dated December 1829. Publisher's mauve cloth with paper spine label. Front joint split; cloth erose at head & foot of the spine; spine label rubbed; a good, internally clean copy in the original binding. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $750.00
Norman Catalog 503; Heirs of Hippocrates 1511; Wellcome II, p. 382; Hunter & Macalpine, pp. 805-809.

Conolly's first book (other than his doctoral dissertation of 1821). Published twenty-six years before his epochal book on non-restraint and nine years before his official psychiatric career began with his appointment as superintendent of the Middlesex County Lunatic Asylum at Hanwell, this is the first attempt to link normal and abnormal states of mind, the first book (possibly excepting Batty) to suggest that asylums become clinical schools to familiarize physicians with mental disorders, the first proposal for a mental health service based on local mental hospitals. Leigh noted in his Historical Development of British Psychiatry that "as the second part of the title shows, even at this time Conolly's mind was preoccupied with the ideas which, years later, were to make him famous" (p. 231).

25. Darwin, Erasmus (1731-1802).
Zoonomia; Or, the Laws of Organic Life. London: Printed for J. Johnson, 1794, 1796. 2 volumes. 1st Edition. [2]+viii+586+[4], 772+[2]pp. 4to. Inelegant mid-20th century 1/2 pebbled morocco with marbled boards and gilt-stamped spines. Sheets moderately browned and foxed, title-page to the first volume stained, contemporary owner's small ink signature to both titles and with a 7-line ink quotation from a 1794 journal review to the verso of the dedication page of volume one. A very good copy in an undistinguished modern binding. Scarce. *SOLD*
Cushing D58, GM 105, Osler 2413, Waller 10790, Wellcome II p. 433; Heirs of Hippocrates 999 (1803 2nd American edition).

"In the present work . . . Darwin stressed the concept of the gradual evolution of complex organisms and discussed the competition for existence, the idea of sexual selection, and the influence of environment. He thus anticipated by some sixty-five years the work of his renowned grandson" Heirs #999. "The express aim of Darwin's Zoonomia was to unravel the theory of diseases. For this purpose he thought it was necessary to examine the structural and physiological principles governing the organization of the animal system. He adopted the framework of Albrecht von Haller's physiological theory, through which he wove a sensationalist psychology" [Richards, Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior, p. 31]. In the long chapter on instinct Darwin argued that instincts were acquired rather than pre-existent.

26. Eichhorst, Hermann (1849-1921).
Handbook of Practical Medicine. Volume I: Diseases of the Circulatory and Respiratory Apparatus; II: Diseases of the Digestive, Urinary, and Sexual Appratus; III: Diseases of the Nerves, Muscles, and Skin; IV: Diseases of the Blood and Nutrition, and Infectious Diseases. Translation of Handbuch der speziellen Pathologie und Therapie für praktische Ärzte und Studenten (Vienna: 1883-84). After the 5th edition retitled Handbuch der speciellen Pathologie und Therapie innerer Krankheiten. Wood's Library of Standard Medical Authors Volumes 58-61. New York: William Wood & Company, [1886]. 4 volumes. 1st Edition in English. [iv]+v+[1]+407+[3]; [ii]+vii+[1]+361; [ii]+viii+392; [ii]+vi+407+[3]pp. Respectively 103, 106, 57, and 74 wood engravings in the text. Embossed olive cloth with gilt spine lettering. Library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title and several other leaves in each volume, else a very good, attractive set with no external markings. Inquire | Order $185.00
From 1884 Eichhorst was Professor Ordinarius for Internal Medicine in Zurich, best known for his Handbuch der speziellen Pathologie und Therapie. See GM 3125.3 for Eicchorst's 1878 monograph on pernicious anemia.
27. Erb, Wilhelm [Heinrich] (1840-1921).
Traité d'électrothérapie. Translation by Ad[olphe] Rueff of Handbuch der Elektrotherapie (1882). Philadelphia: A. Delahaye et E. Lecrosnier, Éditeurs, 1884. 1st Edition in French. xvi+664pp. 39 text woodcuts. Contemporary dark blue morocco-backed marbled boards with raised spine bands, decorative gilt spine, and green leather spine label. Spine tips, spine bands, and corners chafed, some minor staining to the sheets, a very good copy. Modern ink owner's signature to the front blank. Several gatherings printed on acidic paper. Inquire | Order $200.00
Heirs of Hippocrates 2037 (German edition): Erb "pioneered in the use of electricity in the diagnosis and treatment of nevous disorders. This work on electrotherapy contains first descriptions of several nervous disorders and was writen while Erb was professor of neurology at the University of Heidelberg." Professor of Neurology at Heidelberg, Erb pioneered the use of electrotherapy and gave the original descriptions of a number of nervous disorders, especially the muscular dystrophies.

The First Modern Textbook of Psychiatry

28. Esquirol, Jean (1772-1840).
Des Maladies mentales considérées sous les rapports médical, hygiénique et médico-légale. Par E. Esquirol. Paris: Chez J.-B. Baillière, Libraire de l'Académie Royale de Médecine, … a Londres: Chez H. Baillière, 1838. 3 volumes. 1st Edition. xviii+678, [iv]+864pp. + atlas with [iv]pp. + 27 lithographed plates (1 folding). Modern leather-backed marbled boards with red leather spine labels. Typical foxing, otherwise a very nice, attractive set. Atlas volume measures 22 x 14.5 x 1 cm. Inquire | Order $3,500.00
Norman Catalog #725 & #726; GM 4929; Heirs of Hippocrates 1268.
GM 4929. The first modern textbook of psychiatry and the model for all later psychiatric texts. Esquirol emphasized the importance of observation and good record-keeping; deprecated superstition and speculation; distinguished hallucinations from illusions, associating only the former with mental illness; and emphasized the role of environmental and age factors as precipitants of mental disease. Pinel's successor at Salpêtriere, Esquirol was among the first to insist that the criminally insane should be treated as suffering from a disease.

Introduced the Terms Psychosis, Psychiatric, & Psychopathology

29. Feuchtersleben, Ernst Freiherrn von (1806-1849).
The Principles of Medical Psychology: Being the Outlines of a Course of Lectures by Baron Ernst von Feuchtersleben, M.D. (Vienna, 1845). Translated from the German by the late H. Evans Lloyd, Esa. Revised and Edited by B[enjamin] G[uy] Babington, M.D., F.R.S. Translation of Lehrbuch der ärtzlichen Seelkunde (Wien 1845). Sydenham Society [No. 14]. London: Printed for the Sydenham Society, 1847. 1st Edition in English. xx+392pp. Embossed green cloth with gilt spine lettering, gilt front device, and yellow endpapers. Top edge gilt. A handsome copy with very slight shelfwear. Inquire | Order $285.00
Meynell The Two Sydenham Societies, p. 31; Norman Catalog 793; GM 4929.1 (1st German edition); Hunter & Macalpine, p. 952; Sadoff Catalog p. 37. The first book published in Austria dealing with medical psychology and psychopathology, which "introduced the terms psychosis, psychiatrics, and psychopathology." [GM].

A key book in the history of psychiatry "which not only introduced into psychiatry a new standard and a new methodology, but also a number of terms which came to stay" [Hunter & Macalpine p. 952]. The terms 'psychosis', 'psychopathology' and 'psychiatric practitioner' [ie, 'psychiatrist'] all were given their modern meanings in Feuchtersleben's book and subsequently diffused through the psychiatric literature. The "founder of psychosomatic medicine as a systematic discipline … (Feuchtersleben) gave articulate expression to the principle that man is a psychophysical totality". (Roback. (1961), p. 282). Straddling the split in psychiatry between physiology and psychology, Feuchtersleben both championed the use of psychotherapy with the mentally diseased (a method he called "second education") and insisted that psychosis always entailed disturbed physical function.

The First Great Physiology Textbook in English
Sharpey-Schäfer's Copy

30. Foster, M[ichael] (1836-1907).
A Text-Book of Physiology. London: Macmillan and Co., 1877. 1st Edition. xvi+559+[1]pp. 40 text woodcuts. Panelled green cloth with gilt-stamped spine and dark brown endpapers. Hinges cracked, light foxing, bottom edges rubbed, a very good copy. Scarce.
Edward Albert Sharpey-Schäfer's copy, with his bookplate, signed on the colored front flyleaf "E. A. Schäfer // Jan 22nd. 1877", and with a few of his marginal pencil markings. Born Edward Schäfer, Sharpey-Schäfer added 'Sharpey' to his surname in 1918 after the death of his son, whom he had named after his teacher, the physiologist William Sharpey. Jodrell Professor of Physiology at University College, London, from 1883 to 1899, and after that Chair of Physiology at Edinburgh, Sharpey-Schäfer ranks as the next great English physiologist after Michael Foster. His standard textbook Essentials of Histology, first published in 1885, went through 12 editions; with George Oliver he demonstrated in 1895 the pressor effects of extracts of the adrenal glands -- a momentous discovery in the history of endocrinology; his own massive, multi-authored physiology textbook, published in two huge volumes in 1898 and 1900, took the place of Foster's as the leading authority on the subject in English. *SOLD*
GM 631. The first great physiology textbook in English.
With Foster, British physiology experienced a veritable rebirth. He created the first physiological laboratory in the British Isles and was instrumental in founding the Physiological Society of London in 1876, and in 1878 the Journal of Physiology, the first English journal exclusively devoted to physiology. Among his notable students were John N. Langley, Walter H. Gaskell, Henry Newell-Martin, and Charles Sherrington. His 1877 Text-Book of Physiology was the first authoritative work in the field written in English. [Adapted from Rothschuh's History of Physiology, pp. 306-7].
31. Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939).
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse Erster Theil Vorlesung I-IV: (Einleitung; Fehlleistungen). Leipzig und Wien: Hugo Heller & Cie., 1916. 1st printing. [4]+80pp. Thin 8vo. Printed orange wrappers with drab spine and black front & rear printing. Lower corner of front wrapper defective, head & foot of spine somewhat worn, otherwise near fine. Uncommon. There is also an issue (later?) in green-gray wrappers with about two centimeters trimmed from the top & bottom margins. We have also seen a copy dated 1917, but bound with the other parts so we don't know what the wrappers looked like. Inquire | Order $275.00
GM 4260; Grinstein #10629; Norman Freud Catalog 67; Norman Catalog Norman Freud Catalog F91. The first part (dealing with slips of the tongue) of Freud's famous introductory lectures, delivered at the University of Vienna. Part two appeared later in 1916 and part three in 1917, with the parts then being bound together and issued in book form.

The First Freudian Bestseller in Original Parts

32. Freud, Sigmund.
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Psychoanalyse. Erster Teil: Vorlesung I-IV: Einleitung; Fehlleistungen). Zweiter Teil: Vorlesung V-XV: (Der Traum). Dritter Teil Vorlesungen XVI-XVIII: (Allgemeine Neurosenlehre). Leipzig und Wien: Hugo Heller & Cie., 1916, 1916, 1917. 1st Edition. [4]+80; [2]+[81]-270; viii+[271]-545+[1]pp. + frontis to part II. 12mo. Printed orange-brown wrappers. Unprinted spine of Part I varnished and with some splitting glued, slightly erose at the head & foot, else very good. Part II: Upper corner of text block bumped, lower corners creased to the first several gatherings, slight foxing to the front blank and slight chipping to the right edges of the wrappers, otherwise a very nice, unopened copy. Part III: Wrappers edgetorn and detached, internally near fine. Very scarce. Parts 1 & 2 untrimmed; part 3 trimmed and measuring 21.7 x 15.8cm. Part 3 with both its own title-page and the half-title & title-page for the entire volume. The first edition in book form appeared in 1917 and consisted of these parts trimmed and bound together. Difficult to find a complete set of the original parts with the original wrappers. Inquire | Order $850.00
GM 4260; Grinstein #10629; Norman Freud Catalog 67; Norman Catalog F91.
First printings of all three parts of Freud's introductory lectures, originally delivered to a mixed audience of physicians and lay people at the University of Vienna during the Winter semesters of 1915/16 and 1916/17. Written in Freud's typical vigorous German prose, this became the first of Freud's books to sell widely to the general public, selling tens of thousands of copies. It also became the first of Freud's books to sell widely in the United States and is undoubtedly the book that introduced Freud to nonmedical intellectuals in the 1920s. How it did so is a story worth telling. Freud's immigrant American nephew Edward L. Bernays (the founder of public relations) hired a Columbia graduate student to translate the lectures, paid G. Stanley Hall to write a brief preface, convinced Horace Liveright to publish the book in 1920, and then showed him how to market it. So far as I can determine, this was the first book of intellectual substance ever marketed in the modern sense. Bernays' strategy worked. The book went into dozens of printings in the 1920s, with Freud getting the entire 15% royalty in American dollars, which after his savings and insurance were wiped out in the post-war hyperinflation helped keep him solvent (along with his American analysands also paying in US dollars).
33. Fulton, J[ohn] F[arquhar] (1899-1960).
Muscular Contraction and the Reflex Control of Movement. Baltimore: The Williams & Wilkins Company, 1926. 1st Edition. [xvi]+644+[4]pp. 215 text figures. Ruled green cloth with gilt spine lettering. Joints and corners rubbed, spine a bit dull, departmental bookplate, rear pocket, and whited spine call number, still a good to very good copy. Uncommon. Cut signature "John Fulton" pasted to an index card and laid-in. Inquire | Order $150.00
"A detailed study of the physiology of skeletal muscle. A valuable historical introduction will be found on pp. 3-55, and the book includes an extensive bibliography" [GM 663].
34. Gall, F[ranz] J[oseph] (1758-1828) & Spurzheim, Johann Gaspar (1776-1832).
Anatomie et physiologie du système nerveux en général, et du cerveau en particulier, avec des observations sur la possibilité de reconnoitre plusierus dispositions intellectuelles et morales de l'homme et des animaux, par la configuration de leurs têtes. Paris: Chez F. Schoell, 1810, 1810, 1812, 1818, 1819. 5 volumes bound in 3. 1st Edition. [vi]+xix+[1]+260; [vi]+282; [vi]+xxxvi+[3]+246+[2]; [iv]+324+[2]pp. Atlas: [iv] pages + 100 fine engraved plates numbered I-C (plate II is double-page and appears before plate I). Collation as in the Norman Catalog but with no extra title-leaf for the atlas. Large Folio. Contemporary drab blue paste-paper boards with volumes 1 & 2 and 3 & 4 bound together in two physical volumes. Volumes 1/2 & 3/4 covered with early green-gray cloth with red leather spine labels. The cloth has been removed from the atlas volume with the spine label laid-in. A stunning set, superior to the Norman copy, which was also in boards but rebacked. Modest foxing, some bumping and a bit of wear to the corners but just a lovely set. As nice a set as one could hope to own. Rare. First two volumes and atlas published by Schoell; volume 3 by Libraire Grecque-Latine-Allemande; volume 4 by N. Maze. *SOLD*
GM-5 1389; Norman Catalog 862; Heirs of Hippocrates 1159; Wellcome III, p. 84; Brazier Neurophysiology in the 19th Century, pp. 114-117; Clarke & O'Malley Human Brain and Spinal Cord, pp. 392-395, 476-480, 598-602, 825-827; McHenry pp. 146-149; Wozniak Wozniak Mind & Body: Renè Descartes to William James, pp. 15-16 & #12. After Gall and Spurzheim broke up their collaboration in 1813, Gall completed the last two volumes on his own. The text volumes were reset in quarto format and reissued with the atlas, which is how the set is more commonly found. A second edition, revised by Gall, appeared 1822-1825 without the plates but with replies by Gall to his critics, an English edition of which was published in Boston in 1835.

  • "Gall and his pupil Spurzheim introduced the theory of localization of cerebral function and made the first attempt to map the cerebral cortex. Gall and Spurzheim's names are usually associated with the pseudoscience of phrenology, which grew out of his attempts to establish the existence of separate loci in the brain for each of its intellectual and emotional functions; his finding, although wrong, contain the seeds not only of the modern theory of cerebral localization of funciton but of comparative psychology and personality theory as well. Gall also revolutionized brain dissection techniques by gently separating the structures with a blunt instrument instead of slicing them with a sharp knife — a method that allowed him to make anatomical observations of fundamental importance" [Norman Catalog].
  • "Gall and Spurzheim established the fact that the white matter of the brain consists of nerver fibers and that the gray matter of the cerebral cortex represents the organs of mental activity. They were the first to demonstrate that the trigeminal nerve was not merely attached to the pons, but that it sent its root fibers as far down as the inferior olive in the medulla. In addition, they confirmed once and forever the medullary decussation of the pyramids" [McHenry, Garrison's History of Neurology p. 146].
  • "The essence of Gall's method of localization lay in correlating variations in character with variations in external craniological signs. … Gall's assumptions may have been flawed and his followers may have taken his ideas to dogmatic extremes; but there was nothing wrong with his scientific logic or with the rigorous empiricism of his attempt to correlate observable talents with what he believed to be observable indices of the brain. Indeed, it was Gall who lay the foundation for the biologically based, functional psychology that was soon to follow. In postulating a set of innate, mental traits inherited through the form of the cerebral organ, he moved away from the extreme tabula rasa view of sensationalists such as Condillac. For the normative and exclusively intellectual faculties of the sensationalists, Gall attempted to substitute faculties defined in terms of everyday activities of daily life that were adaptive in the surrounding environment and that varied among individuals and between species. For speculation concerning both the classification of functions and appropriate anatomical units, he substituted objective observation" [Wozniak, pp. 15-16].

35. Galton, Francis (1822-1911).
Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development. London: Macmillan and Co., 1883. 1st Edition. [xiv]+377+[1]pp. + 5 plates. Ruled mauve cloth with gilt spine lettering. Spine faded, rear hinge broken and front hinge cracked, still a very good copy. Quite uncommon. Inquire | Order $750.00
GM 230; Norman catalog 866.
Contains Galton's chief contributions to psychology. Strongly influenced by his cousin's Origin of Species, Galton began reflecting on the influence of heredity on the human race. Impressed by the fact that distinction of any kind is apt to run in families, he made a series of statistical investigations whereby he showed the heritability of genius of all kinds. The results are set forth in several books, including Inquiries into Human Faculty. The study of heredity led Galton to the conviction that the human race might gain an indefinite improvement by breeding from the best & restricting the offspring of the worst. To this study he gave the name Eugenics.

The First Statistical Study of Biological Variation and Inheritance

36. Galton, Francis.
Natural Inheritance. London/NY: Macmillan and Co., 1889. 1st Edition. ix+[iii]+259+[3]pp. + tipped-in errata slip after page [x]. Paneled mauve cloth with gilt-stamped spine and glazed black endpapers. Spine label visibly removed, head and foot of spine shelfworn, small gouge to the mid-spine, still a quite decent and better than average copy. Scarce. With the signature to the half-title of the Scottish moral philosopher W[illiam] R[itchie] Sorley (1855-1935) and with the distinguished American psychologist Carney Landis's (1897-1962) name stamp. Inquire | Order $750.00
GM 233. A continuation of Galton's classic anthropometric studies begun with the publication of Hereditary Genius.

"By the employment of statistical methods Galton propounded a 'law of filial regression.' This book represents the first statistical study of biological variation and inheritance" [GM].

37. Gaskell, W[alter] H[olbrook] (1847-1914).
The Involuntary Nervous System. Monographs on Physiology [Volume 1]. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1916. 1st Edition. Inserted ad leaf + ix+[1]+178+[2]pp. 9 text figures (8 colored). Thin 8vo. Printed ruled maroon russet cloth with black lettering. Endpapers a bit darkened, corners bumped, a very good copy. Scarce. Inquire | Order $275.00
"This book sums up the life work of Gaskell, who laid the histological foundation of the modern study of the autonomic nervous system" [GM 1331].
38. Gautier, Léon (1853-1916).
La médecine à Genève jusqu'à la fin du dix-huitième siècle. Genève: J. Jullien / Georg & Ce Libraires-Editeurs, 1906. 1st Edition. xv+[1]+696pp. + 11 photogravure portraits. Contemporary red leather-backed marbled boards with marbled endpapers, original printed tan wrappers retained. Joints lightly rubbed, else very good with library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title-page and obverse of the plates. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $125.00
GM 6580.
39. Gowers, W[illiam] R[ichard] (1845-1915).
A Manual of Diseases of the Nervous System. Volume I: Diseases of the Nerves and Spinal Cord; Volume II: Diseases of the Brain and Cranial Nerves, General and Functional Diseases of the Nervous System. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston's Son & Co., 1899, 1893. 2 volumes. xvi+692; xvi+1069+[3]pp. + 32 page catalog (dated April 1899) inserted at the rear of volume one. Respectively 192 & 182 text woodcuts. Heavy 8vo. Volume I: Embossed dark blue buckram with gilt spine lettering and green endpapers. Volume II: green cloth with gilt-stamped spine and glazed brown ednpapers. Hinges broken to the first volume with the text block separated, foot of spine worn, a good copy only with The Hartford Retreat's embossed title-page stamp and whited spine call number. Volume two is very good with firm hinges but with modest rubbing to the joints & edges, ink owner's name dated 1894 mostly erased from the top margin of the title-page, and the small paper spine label and several small rubber stamps of Edinburgh University Library. The final state of the text, being the first American printing of the last revision of the first volume, and the first English printing of the second and last revised edition of volume two.
Volume I with Smith Ely Jelliffe's bookplate and autopen signature to volume one. Inquire | Order $350.00
GM 469; Waller 3662; Norman 921 [all three citing the first edition]; Heirs of Hippocrates 2078 (2nd US edition); Spillane Doctrine of the Nerves, pp. 403-439.

"His greatest work" [GM] and "the most ambitious treatise on neurology that had so far been attempted in any language" [McHenry, p. 315]. Contains classic descriptions of locomotor ataxia, spinal muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, diffuse sclerosis, etc.

The First Important Neuropsychiatric Book

40. Griesinger, Wilhelm (1817-1868).
Mental Pathology and Therapeutics. Translation by C. Lockhart Robertson (1825-1897) & James Rutherford (1840-1910) of the second German edition Pathologie und Therapie der psychischen Krankheiten, 1861. The New Sydenham Society Volume 33. London: The New Sydenham Society, 1867. 1st Edition in English. [First published 1845 in German.] xiv+530pp. Embossed brown cloth with gilt-stamped spine, gilt front device of Sydenham, and pale yellow endpapers. Top 3.5 cm. of the cloth lacking to the spine (with part of the printing missing), else a very good copy. Inquire | Order $175.00
GM 4930 & Norman Catalog 948 (both the 1845 1st German edition); Heirs of Hippocrates 1838 (1865 French edition). The English translation exerted enormous influence over mid- and late 19th century psychiatry, moving it from its prior basis in Romantic German philosophy to neuropsychiatry. The 1845 German edition probably counts as the first real neuropsychiatric book, and certainly the first important one.

Written when the author was 28 and the standard mid-century German psychiatric text, Griesinger's book tended to reduce psychological disorders to organic pathology (though not exclusively, Griesinger regarded suicide, for example, as a psychological malady). Widely influential, it established psychiatry as a material-monist department of the newly emerging scientific medicine. Griesinger distinguished three forms of mental disorders: depression, exaltation, and mental weakness; all of which he deemed organic conditions, though without excluding moral treatment in their management.

The First Important Neuropsychiatric Book

41. Griesinger, Wilhelm.
Mental Pathology and Therapeutics. Translation of the second German edition Pathologie und Therapie der psychischen Krankheiten, 1861. New York: William Wood and Company, [1882]. 1st American Edition. [First published 1845; First issued in English translation in 1867 in London.] [2]+viii+375+[3]pp. Embossed Victorian cloth with gilt spine lettering. Crown chipped, old label to base of spine, a very good, much better than average copy. *SOLD*
GM 4930 & Norman Catalog 948 (both the 1845 1st German edition); Heirs of Hippocrates 1838 (1865 French edition).
42. Griesinger, Wilhelm.
Die Pathologie und Therapie der psychischen Krankheiten für Ärzte und Studierende. Stuttgart: Verlag von Adolf Krabbe, 1861. 2nd Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1845.] vi+538pp. Publisher's embossed green cloth with gilt-stamped spine and yellow endpapers. Corners bumped, very slight fraying to the upper front joint, a bright, lovely copy in the original cloth. Quite uncommon. With the bookplate of the distinguished American psychologist David Shakow. Shakow (1901-1981) was one of the architects of modern-day clinical psychology. Inquire | Order $950.00
GM 4930 & Norman Catalog 948 (both the 1st edition); Heirs to Hippocrates (only the 1865 1st French edition). The second edition, much enlarged from the first, was translated into English in 1867.

The standard mid-century German psychiatric text, Griesinger's book tended to reduce psychological disorders to organic pathology (though not exclusively, Griesinger regarded suicide, for example, as a psychological malady). Widely influential, it established psychiatry as a material-monist branch of the newly emerging scientific medicine. Griesinger distinguished three forms of mental disorders: depression, exaltation, and mental weakness; all of which he deemed organic conditions, though without excluding moral treatment in their management. For an extensive discussion of Griesinger's importance for the history of psychiatry see my "Biological Psychiatry in the Nineteenth & Twentieth Centuries" in Wallace & Gach's History of Psychiatry & Medical Psychology (Springer, 2008), esp. pages 382-385.

43. Hecker, Justus Friedrich Carl (1795-1850).
Geschichte der Heilkunde. Berlin: bei Theodor Christian Friedrich Enslin, 1822, 1829. 2 volumes. 1st Edition. x+529+[1]; viii+463+[1]pp. Contemporary marbled boards with green leather spine label to Band II. Spine to Band I lacking with drab boards hand-printed, spine and label to Band II partly defective, library bookplates and rubber stamp to titles and a number of other leaves, internally very clean. Scarce. Inquire | Order $350.00
GM 6383. The first important German history of medicine.
44. [Hecquet, Philippe (1661-1737)].
De la digestion et des maladies de l'estomac, suivant le systeme de la trituration & du broyement, sans l'aide des levains ou de la fermentation, dont on fait voir l'impossibilité en santé & en maladie. Paris: Chez François Fournier, 1712. 1st Edition. xxxiii+[15]+442+[22]pp. 12mo. Contemporary calf with raised spine bands, gilt spine dentelles, and red leather spine label. Flyleaves excised, front joint quite cracked but still attached, a few 18th century marginal ink notes, a good copy with library rubber stamp to the title-page. With the bookplate of the notable Baltimore physician, Zionist, and book collector Julius Friedenwald. Inquire | Order $350.00
Blake p. 202; Wellcome III, p. 232; Heirs to Hippocrates #709. Pages 373-396 contain Jean Astruc's (1684-1766) "Memoire sur la cause de la digestion des alimens."

"Hecquet, a native of Abbeville in Picardy, graduated in medicine at Reims in 1684. He was physician at Port Royal for a number of years and moved to Paris in 1684. . . . He taught at Paris for a number of years and was made physician to the Charité in 1710. Hecquet was a member of the Iatrophysical School . . . and was an ardent defender of the mechanical theory of digestion, which he expounds upon in the present work. The treatise became quite popular so Hecquet expanded it in 1730 and another editon appeared in 1747, after his death" [Heirs 709].

45. [Hecquet, Philippe].
De la digestion et des maladies de l'estomac, suivant le systême de la trituration & du broyement, sans l'aide des levains ou de la fermentation, dont on fait voir l'impossibilité en santé & en maladie. Nouvelle édition, revûë, corrigée, & augmentée par l'auteur. A Paris: Chez Guillaume Cavelier, 1730. 2 volumes. 2nd Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1712.] [2]+xv+[1]+619+[1]; lxiv+[8]+630pp. 12mo. Contemporary calf with raised spine bands, gilt spine dentelles, red leather spine label, and marbled endpapers. Library rubber stamp to the title-page and last leaf of text in both volumes, some rubbing and shelfwear, still a very good set with whited volume numbers shellacked on the spine. With the bookplate of the notable Baltimore physician, Zionist, and book collector Julius Friedenwald to both volumes. Inquire | Order $350.00
Blake p. 202; Wellcome III, p. 232; Heirs to Hippocrates #709 (1st edition). Vastly enlarged from the first edition.
46. Helmholtz, Hermann L. F. von (1821-1894).
Helmholtz's Treatise on Physiological Optics. Volume II: The Sensations of Vision. Volume III: The Perceptions of Vision. Edited by James P. C. Southall. no place (US): The Optical Society of America, 1924, 1924, 1925. 3 volumes. 1st Edition in English. [First published 1864 in German.] [2]+xxi+[3]+482+[4]; viii+[2+480+[2]; x+[2]+736+[4]pp. + 6 plates + color frontis to volume 2. 4to. Pebbled green leatherette with gilt-stamped spines and heavy green endpapers. Ink owner's signature & name stamp to the title-page, spine of the first volume a bit dull, otherwise a very good set. Uncommon. *SOLD*
GM-5 1513; Cushing H231; Waller 4299; Heirs of Hippocrates 1887; Wozniak Body & Mind #41 & pp. 42-43 [all the 1st German]. Translation of the 1909-11 3rd revised edition.

  • "Because Helmholtz's name is linked so closely with physics and electrophysiology, it is sometimes forgotten that he was a physician who held posts at a number of prominent medical schools. It was during his tenure at Heidelberg that this monumental treatise on optics was written. Originally issued in parts between 1856 and 1866, the work provided the first real descriptoin of optical physiology including the mechanism of accomodation, the phenomenon of color vision, and the measurement of lens curvature" [Heirs].
  • This and Helmholtz's 1863 Die Lehre von den Tonempfindungen "defined the problematic for the experimental psychology of visual and auditory perception for decades to follow. In the Optik Helmholtz extended Müller's doctrine of the specific energies of nerves to offer a comprehensive theory of color vision and a famous unconscious inference theory of perception. In the theory of color vision, Helmholtz reasoned that just as the differences between sensations of sound and light reflect the specific qualities of auditory and visual nerves, sensations of color may depend on different kinds of nerves within the visual system. Since the laws of color mixture suggest that virtually all hues can be obtained by various combinations of three primary colors, it seemed to Helmholtz that the perceived hue, brightness, and saturation of color must be derived from varying activity in three primary kinds of nerve fibers in the eye.
  • In his theory of perception, Helmholtz started from the recognition that Müller's doctrine of specific nerve energies implied the fact that sensations do not provide direct access to objects and events but only serve the mind as signs of reality. Perception, on this view, requires an active, unconscious, automatic, logical process on the part of the perceiver which utilizes the information provided by sensation to infer the properties of external objects and events. In this regard, Helmholtz anticipated much of later top-down cognitive psychology" [Wozniak pp. 42-43].

47. Henle, [Friedrich Gustav] J[akob] (1809-1885).
Handbuch der Knochenlehre des Menschen. Handbuch der systematischen Anatomie des Menschen Erste Band. Erste Abtheilung. Braunschweig: Druck und Verlag von Friedr. Vieweg und Sohn, 1871. 3rd Edition. xii+310+[2]pp. 288 text wood engravings. Modern 1/4 red goatskin with marbled boards, gilt-tooled spine, and green morocco spine label. 19th century library rubber stamp to the title-page and several other leaves, else a very good, clean copy in a modern binding. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $350.00
GM 417 (entire set); Heirs to Hippocrates 1735 (this volume) and 1734 (entire set). The individual volumes of Henle's Handbuch were published over a sixteen year span, with the Knochenlehre appearing first in 1855 and the Nervenlehre last in 1871. This 3rd edition, issued to coincide with the publication of the final volume in the set, reprints the text of the revised second edition. Henle'sHandbuch "is considered by many authorities to be the greatest modern system of anatomy." [GM 417].

"Civil unrest, caused by widespread unrest throughout the German Confederation in the late 1840s, led Henle to transfer to the University of Göttingen in 1852. When Müller died ten years later, Henle declined the University of Berlin's professorhip. Even though it was the most prestigious anatomical chair in the world, Henle preferred to work in the quiet atmosphere of Göttingen. It was there that he wrote the present work [i.e., the entire Handbuch] over a period of sixteen years. Comprehensive and detailed, the [Handbuch] contained all of what was then known about the structure of the human body and it was illustrated with many excellent drawings made by Henle. The book retained its value as a textbook until the functional approach to anatomy gained dominance. Even today, the work is still valuable for the study of gross human anatomy and its occasional anomalies" [Heirs].

48. Holländer, Eugen (1867-1932).
Plastik und Medizin. Stuttgart: Verlag Von Ferdinand Enke In Stuttgart, 1912. 1st Edition. [viii]+576+[8]pp. + frontis. 433 text ills. Small Folio. Blue-gray buckram-backed pictorial printed gray paper-covered boards. A very good copy. Inquire | Order $125.00
GM-5 6609.
49. Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1809-1894).
Currents and Counter-Currents in Medical Science. With Other Addresses and Essays. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1861. 1st Edition. [iv]+ix+[3]+406+[2]pp. + rear blank flyleaf. 12mo. Embossed Victorian purple cloth with gilt-stamped spine and glazed brown endpapers. Crown frayed, some wear to the corners, front hinge cracked, a good to very good copy. BAL binding A. Inquire | Order $100.00
BAL #8803, first binding, Binding A with leaf 17-12 present, issue with no ads (no priority); Currier & Tilton Holmes Bibliography, pp. 97-99. The first collection of Holmes's writings, of which the 2,200 copies printed sold slowly. Contains the title address; two lectures on homoeopathy; "Puerperal Fever, as a Private Pestilence"; "The Position and Prospects of the Medical Student"; "Mechanism of Vital Actions"; and his valedictory address given at Harvard in 1858. First appearance of "Some More Recent Views on Homoeopathy" and "Mechanisms of Vital Action." The previously published "Puerperal Fever …" established its contagiousness [GM 6274]. All but two of the essays had previously appeared as pamphlets.
50. Hutchinson, [Sir] Jonathan (1828-1913).
The Pedigree of Disease; Being Six Lectures on Temperament, Idiosyncrasy and Diathesis, delivered in the Theatre of the Royal College of Surgeons in the Session of 1881. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1884. 1st Edition. [8]+142+[2]pp. Thin 8vo. Black paneled pebbled green cloth with gilt-stamped spine and saffron endpapers. Bookplate, paper spine label, and title-page rubber stamp of the Bostom Medical Library Association, else very good with light rubbing to the joints & edges. Uncommon. *SOLD*
One of the most prominent 19th century British surgeons, Hutchinson made significant contributions to many areas including neurology (see his numerous GM entries) and was appointed professor at the Royal College of Surgery in 1879, later becoming its president. See Talbot's A Biographical History of Medicine, pp. 697-700.

The Wild Boy of Aveyron

51. Itard, Jean Marc Gaspard (1774-1838).
De l'éducation d'un homme sauvage, ou des premiers développemens physiques et moraux du jeune sauvage de l'Averyron. Paris: Goujon fils, An X (1801). 1st Edition. [2]+100pp. Small 8vo. Modern marbled brown boards with gilt-stamped spine. Lacking the frontis portrait of the "Wild Boy," trimmed a bit closely at the top margin, otherwise very good with minor foxing. With two minor early corrections to pages 45 & 46, and with an early marginal ink comment to page 7 annotating "an 7" referred to in the text as "milieu de l'année 1799." Very scarce. Signed by Itard and Gouj on the verso of the title to prevent piracy (done for all copies). *SOLD*
Norman Catalog 1144; GM 4969.1; Diamond 17.5; Lane, pp. 99-185 and 257-286. In this first report Itard was optimistic about the feral child's prospects for language acquisition and socialization. In his 1807 second report his conclusions were much more pessimistic, as even after a number of years of intensive education the boy had been unable to learn to speak.

Student of Pinel and one of the first otologists, Itard took charge of the wild boy of Averyon in an attempt to teach him language and social mores. "Itard's methods, described in his reports of 1801 and 1807, were based upon the philosopher Condillac's analytical approach to the acquisition of knowledge, which had been used with success in the teaching of deaf-mutes. However, in adapting this approach to the needs of his extraordinary pupil, Itard created an entirely new system of pedagogy" [Norman]. "It was Itard who first broke with traditional subject-matter instruction and implemented the education of the individual child through interaction with a carefully-prepared environment. It was Itard who first called for a scientific pedagogy based on philosophy and medicine, employing the technique of observation … It was Itard who spent long hours watching for the spontaneous expressions of his pupil in nature as in society, and he who, following the precepts of mental medicine, tailored the child's environment to accomodate and shape his needs. And it was Itard who took Condillac's model of the development of the intellect and first created a program of sensory education" [Lane When the Mind Hears, p. 283, quoted in the Norman Catalog]. "Itard's pedagogical methods were adopted by his student Edouard Séguin who applied them successfully to educating the mentally retarded, and by Maria Montessori, who applied them to childhood education in general" [Norman].

52. Jackson, Samuel (1787-1872).
The Principles of Medicine, Founded on the Structure and Functions of the Animal Organism. Philadelphia: Carey & Lea, 1832. 1st Edition. xx+[9]-630+[2]pp. + 24 page inserted rear catalog. Integral errata leaf at the rear. Thick 8vo. Contemporary calf with black leather spine label. Calf quite rubbed and worn with the boards detached and upper spine erose, internally a very good lightly browned & foxed copy with contemporary library book label to the front paste-down and rubber stamp to the title-page. Inquire | Order $150.00
Heirs of Hippocrates 1437; Osler 3067; Wellcome III, p. 337.
"A native of Philadelphia, Jackson studied medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and was active in the family pharmaceutical business until 1815. After taking a major role in the yellow fever epidemic of 1820, he left private practice in 1821 to join the Pennsylvania facuty as professor of materia medica. In 1835 he was elected to the chair of the practice and institutes of medicine and retained the chair until his resignation in 1863. Jackson was an active medical writer and the present work is his chief medical treatise and the first of its kind to be published in the United States. A comprehensive book intended for studnts and physicians new to the practice of medicine, Jackson placed strong emphasis on physiology . . . " [Heirs #1437].
53. Klebs, [Theodor Albrecht] E[dwin] (1834-1913).
Handbuch der pathologischen Anatomie. Erste Lieferung: Haut, Gesichtshöhlen, Speiseröhre, Magen. Zweite Lieferung: Darmkanal, Leber. Dritte Lieferung: Pancreas, Nebennieren, Harnapparat. Vierte Lieferung: Geschlechtsorgane I. Berlin: Verlag von August Hirschwald, 1868, 1869, 1870, 1873. 2 volumes. 1st Edition. xii+203+[1]; [vi]+203 [page repeated] -528pp. 52 text woodcuts in 2. Lieferung. iv+529-717+[1]; [iii]-vii+[1]+717 [page repeated] -950pp. 84 woodcuts in 3. Lieferung & 116 in 4. Contemporary gilt-stamped black 1/2 morocco with marbled boards, endpapers and edges. Leather quite dry and rubbed with joints splitting, internally a very good, clean set with library bookplates and rubber stamp to each of the four title-pages. Scarce. The original parts bound two to a volume with the separately dated title-pages present. In the later publication in book form the first three parts constituted Band I, 1. Abtheilung, while parts 4 & 5, Geschlechtsorgane were issued together as Band I, 2. Abth. -- making this a complete mess to figure out. Inquire | Order $385.00
GM 4212; Bulloch's History of Bacteriology, p. 376. First four Lieferungen complete, without the 1876 5. Lieferung, which is part II of Geschlechtsorgane. A 6. Lieferung by Schwartze on Gehör-Organ and 7. by Eppinger on Larynx Trachea were added respectively in 1878 and 1880. These were, however labeled in reverse Band II, 1. Abth, 1. Lief. (Eppinger) and Band II, 2. Abth., 1. Lief. (Schwartze).

"German pathologist and pioneer in bacteriology. Born in Königsberg. Studied there under Rathke and Helmholtz, and in Würzburg under Kölliker and Virchow, following the latter to Berlin. . . . In 1895 he emigrated to America and settled in Rush Medical College, Chicago [returning to Europe in 1900]. . . . Klebs was a most prolific writer and worker. Published [an] important memoir on the pathology of gun-shot wounds 1872 and wrote on the bacteriology of enteric fever, rinderpest, vaccinia, diphtheria, syphilis, and tuberculosis. He also wrote but did not finish a large Hanbuch d. path. Anatomie. Klebs was one of the first in every advance in bacteriology but had the misfortune to miss almost every discovery that has turned out to be correct" [Bulloch's History of Bacteriology, p. 376]. The 1. Abt., 3. Lieferung of his Handbuch contains a classic description of glomerulonephritis ("Krebs' disease") on pp. 644-48 [GM 4212]. "With Pasteur, he was perhaps the most important precursor in the bacterial theory of infection; indeed, he did most to win the pathologists to his view" [Garrison's History of Medicine, pp. 580-81].

54. Kolle, W[ilhelm] (1868-1935) & Wassermann, August (1866-1925), eds.
Handbuch der pathogenen Mikroorganismen. Zweite vermerte Auflage. Jena: Verlag von Gustav Fischer, 1912, 1913. 8 volumes bound in 9. 2nd Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1903-1909 in 6 volumes.] @ 9,000 pages + 104 inserted color lithographic plates. 996 text figures (some in color). Heavy 8vo. Publisher's 1/2 crushed brown morocco with gray cloth-covered boards, decorative gilt-stamped spines, and decorative endpapers. Library bookplates and rubber stamp to the titles and obverse of the plates; joints & spines worn with spine detached to Band VII and spine to Band VIII detaching, otherwise a sound, usable set. Inquire | Order $150.00
GM 2517, citing both the edition and third editions. The second of three editions of this essential early reference work on pathomicrobiology, much expanded from the first edition. Both editors were distinguished microbiologists—see the biographical synopses in Bulloch's History of Bacteriology. Wasserman (who was knighted in 1910, thus the "von") developed the important Wasserman reaction test for syphilis.
55. Kölliker, [Rudolf] Albert (1817-1905).
Entwicklungsgeschichte des Menschen und der höheren Thiere. Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, 1879. 2nd Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1861.] xxxiv+1033+[1]pp. 606 text woodcuts. Modern black leather-backed marbled boards with gilt-stamped spine and original marbled edges to the text block. Slight edge-chipping to the half-title and lower right edge of the title, owner's rubber stamp to the half-title, sheets somewhat browned, a very good copy. Inquire | Order $350.00
GM 487. The first book on comparative embryology, vastly expanded from the 1861 first edition. Kölliker also published the first textbook of histology in 1852.

The Association of Ideas & the Ursprung of Experimental Psychology

56. Locke, John (1632-1704).
An Essay concerning Human Understanding. In Four Books. London: Printed for Awnsham and John Churchill . . . and Samuel Manship, 1700. 4th Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1690.] [484]pp. + engraved copperplate frontis portrait of Locke by Vanderbanck after Brounower. 242 leaves: collation exactly as in Yolton with the same misnumbered pages. Folio. Contemporary paneled calf. Some wear to the boards, spine label mostly effaced and illegible, old repair to the crown, foot of spine and lower corners worn, occasional slight marginal staining, several trivial marginal paper faults, contemporary ink reference note to the upper front flyleaf and a few notes to the index. An attractive and clean copy in an unrebacked contemporary binding. Inquire | Order $2,500.00
GM #4967. PMM #164; Wozniak Mind & Body #27 (all the first edition); Yolton 64; Oxford Companion to Philosophy, p. 62 ("associationism"); Brett History of Psychology, 2: 262-263 and Diamond Roots of Psychology 12.3 (both the 4th edition). The penultimate lifetime edition, the last lifetime edition issued with the frontis portrait, and—other than the first—the most important edition, for it is in this edition that Locke added the chapter on the association of ideas (Book II Chapter XXXIII), as well as a chapter on enthusiasm. Locke's chapter title—though not his actual discussion of the subject—is the origin of associationism, as elaborated much later by Hartley, Hume, James Mill, and Bain and, mistaken interpretation or not, is consensually regarded as the Ursprung of experimental psychology as opposed to merely speculative philosophical psychology.

The foundation text for empirical psychology and the beginning of British empiricism. One of the great books in the history of thought. Of this 4th edition Diamond wrote: "Locke, who was too reasonable a man to be even a thoroughgoing empiricist …, was not at all an associationist. Association had no part in the original Essay, but in the fourth edition he added a chapter pointing to the chance 'connexion of ideas' (probably his rendering of 'liaison des idées,' which he would have met in Malebranche) as a major source of error in thinking. The more fortunate phrase, association of ideas, occurs only in the chapter title and is perhaps derived from the word consociatione which Molyneux used in the Latin edition which was being prepared simultaneously and for which the chapter was indeed written. In time, however, this phrase became so rivetted to Locke's name that the later associationists came to look upon him as their founder" [Diamond p. 281].

57. Locke, John.
An Essay concerning Human Understanding. In Four Books. London: Printed for Awnsham and John Churchill . . . and Samuel Manship, 1706. 5th Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1692.] [xlii]+604]pp. Folio. Contemporary tooled and panelled calf, rebacked in the late 19th or early 20th century with with red leather spine label. Boards and raised spine bands rubbed, corners worn, a very good, clean copy. This edition issued without a frontispiece portrait. Inquire | Order $1,500.00
GM #4967. PMM #164; Wozniak Mind & Body #27 (all the first edition); Yolton 65. The last lifetime edition.

The foundation text for empirical psychology and the beginning of British empiricism. One of the great books in the history of thought.

58. [Lorry, Anne Charles de (1726-1783)].
De melancholia et morbis melancholicis. Lutetiae Parisiorum: Apud P. Guillelmum Cavelier, 1765. 2 volumes. 1st Edition. xvi+399+[1]; viii+429+[1]pp. Contemporary mottled calf with elaborately gilt spines, each with two panels with gilt fleurons and two red morocco labels; marbled blue endpapers and sprinkled edges. Bottom front joint of the first volume worn with some cracking to the foot of the spine, else an attractive, clean set with slight foxing. Inquire | Order $750.00
GM 2nd ed. #4194; Norman Catalog 1391; Hunter & Macalpine p. 736; Zilboorg p. 302. The standard late 18th century description of melancholy.

"Lorry showed how one could make use of the mind's influence on the body in curing melancholias. He differentiated melancholia nervosa from melancholia humoralis, and described a type of melancholia 'complicated with mania, which is indicated by a partial delirium, attended by exaltation of the imagination, or an exciting passion' (Esquirol, des maladies mentales, quoted in Hunter and Macalpine)" [Norman Catalog]. Lorry is most famous for founding French dermatology, with his 1777 Tractatus e morbis cutaneis being both the first modern textbook on the subject and the last major dermatological work written in Latin.

59. Lyell, Charles (1797-1875).
The Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man with Remarks of the Origin of Species by Variation. London: John Murray, 1863. 1st Edition. xii+520pp. + inserted ads dated January 1863 + 2 wood engravings. 58 text woodcuts. Embossed pebbled green cloth with brown endpapers, gilt spine lettering and two gilt front cover devices. Cloth rubbed, spine creased with head and foot frayed, front flyleaf detached, title-page stained, minor staining and foxing, a good copy. *SOLD*
"Lyell's summary discussion of the evidence for human antiquity 'introduced a wide readership to the new view and to the facts that supported it, thus laying the synthetic foundation for future work' (Grayson). This work also contained Lyell's first published statements about Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection" (GM 204.1).
60. Magendie, François (1783-1855).
A Summary of Physiology. Baltimore: Published by Edward J. Coale, 1824. 2nd American Edition. [First published in French 1816, 1817; first edition in English, London 1816 & 1825; 1st American edition 1822.] 444pp. Contemporary calf with red leather spine label. Front board detached, leather dry and quite rubbed, library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title, front flyleaf, and several other leaves. Uncommon. Published without the plates in the French edition. Inquire | Order $200.00
Heirs of Hippocrates 1379; Norman Catalog 1416 (both the first edition). "The first modern physiology textbook in which doctrine gave way to simple, precise descriptios of experimental facts. Contains Magendie's classic demonstration of the importance of nitrogenous food, or protein, in the food supply of mammals" [GM 597.1 (1st edition cited)].
61. Martinet, L[ouis] (1795-1875).
Manual of Pathology; Containing the Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Morbid Characters of Diseases: Together with an Exposition of the Different Methods of Examination Applicable to Affections of the Head, Chest, and Abdomen. Translated, with Alterations and Additions, by Jones Quain [1796-1865]. Translation of the revised 1826 edition of Manuel de clinique ou des méthodes d'exploration en médecine et des signes diagnostiques des maladies. London: Printed for W. Simpkin & R. Marshall, 1829. 3rd Edition in English. [First published 1825 in French in Paris; First issued in English translation in 1826.] [iii]+xxxv+[1]+357+[1]pp. Small 8vo. Early 20th century crimson buckram with gilt-stamped spine. Probably lacking a half-title since the title-page, though A1, is implicit page [iii], otherwise a very good copy in a modern cloth binding. Scarce. Printed on half-sheets in eights. Inquire | Order $125.00
OCLC locates only 1 copy of the original 1826 French edition (at Leeds) and 6 of this edition: Yale, NLM, Michigan, Texas, McGill, and Wellcome. The third revised edition in English, with numerous additions and changes by the translator (the dermatological chapter, for instance, is completely rewritten). A notable English anatomist, Quain's 1828 Elements of Descriptive and Practical Anatomy is "[a]mong the most important English textbooks on anatomy" [GM 410].
62. Meyer, Arthur William (born 1873).
The Rise of Embryology. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press / London: Humphrey Milford, Oxford University Press, [1939]. 1st Edition. [2]+xv+[1]+367+[3]pp. + 97 half-tones on numerous inserted plates. Blue cloth with gilt spine lettering. A very good ex-library copy with the usual markings. Inquire | Order $150.00
GM 534.
63. Mitchell, S[ilas] Weir (1829-1914).
Injuries of Nerves and Their Consequences. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co, 1872. 1st Edition. [2]+377+[5]pp. Panelled mauve cloth with gilt-stamped spine and glazed brown endpapers. Corners bumped, edges rubbed, dent to top front edge, spine tips frayed with crown slightly defective, a good to very good, quite respectable copy. Uncommon. *SOLD*
BAL #14075 binding A; GM-5 4544; Norman Catalog 1520; Cushing M401; Heirs of Hippocrates 1956. One of the great classics of 19th century American clinical neurology and medicine.

Along with Hammond's 1871 treatise, the foundation text for indigenous American neurology. Includes the first description of ascending neuritis and of the treatment of neuritis with cold and splint rests. Introduced the notions of "phantom limb" and causalgia, and was the first detailed study of traumatic neurosis.

64. Mitchell, S[ilas] Weir.
Injuries of Nerves and Their Consequences. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co, 1872. 1st Edition, 1st issue. 377+[1]pp. [Leaf 25-6 excised as in BAL Binding C]. Panelled, bevel-edged ocher cloth with gilt-stamped spine and coated brown endpapers. A fair to good ex-library copy with numerous defects: spine quite dull and just barely legible; bottom edges, corners, & spine tips frayed; hinges broken and front hinge strengthened with a white cloth strip; colored front flyleaf quite chipped and defective along the right edge; rear colored flyleaf excised; library bookplate and perforated title-page stamp; rear pocket removed with ugly glue stain residue; early owner's rubber stamp to the title-page, several other leaves, and all three edges. Uncommon. The first issue has "J. B. Lippincott & Co" for the title-page and binding imprint. There is a later issue (after February 1885) without the ampersand. A variant binding not listed in BAL, probably (we think) from the late 1870s. Spine: [triple rule] / INJURIES / OF / NERVES [rule] / MITCHELL / [rule] / J. B. Lippincott & Co. / [rule] // triple rule]. Inquire | Order $250.00
BAL #14075 (variant binding); GM-5 4544; Norman Catalog 1520; Cushing M401; Heirs of Hippocrates 1956.
65. Mitchell, Silas Weir.
Lectures on Diseases of the Nervous System, Especially in Women. Philadelphia: Henry C. Lea's Son & Co., 1881. 1st Edition. 238+[2]pp. + 5 charts (one folding) + 3 flyleaves at both front & rear. Embossed double-ruled green cloth with gilt-stamped spine and coated brown endpapers. Corners worn, spine ends frayed, burn mark to the bottom edge of the text block (affecting the bottom margins for about 110 pages), a few erose spots towards the upper spine, a good copy. Inquire | Order $450.00
BAL 14102 Binding A; Norman Catalog 1524; Heirs of Hippocrates 1959; Cushing M403; Waller 6569 (2nd ed).

Mitchell's first extensive treatise on neuropsychiatry, in which he expounds in detail the theoretical & clinical grounds for his famous 'rest cure' for hysterics. Since he was quite aware of the psychological nature of hysteria, much of Mitchell's treatment was suggestion therapy.

66. Nélaton, A[uguste] (1807-1873).
Élemens de pathologie chirurgicale. Paris: Germer Baillière, Librairie-Éditeur, 1844, 1847. 2 volumes. 1st Edition. [iv]+iii+[1]+835+[5]; [iv]+806pp. Contemporary gilt-stamped black morocco with blind-blocked panels, pebbled black boards and marbled endpapers. Joints rubbed, shelfwear to the spine tips and corners, early owner's ink signature to the front blanks and gilt monogram to the feet of the spines, a very good set with library bookplates and rubber stamp to the title-pages and several other leaves in both volumes. Inquire | Order $150.00
GM 5597; Waller 6830; Hears of Hippocrates #1697. Three additional volumes were issued. One of the finest French surgeons, Nélaton "invented a number of surgical instruments, among them a porcelein-tipped bullet probe and a flexible rubber catheter which bears his name" [Heirs #1697]. His 5-volume Elémens de pathologie chirurgicale (1844-1859) is his greatest work, in which he reported all his major discoveries and inventions. Volume 2, page 46 contains the description of "Nélaton's tumor" of bone, and page 441 "Nélaton's line."
67. Neuburger, Max (1868-1955).
Geschichte der Medizin. Stuttgart: Verlag von Ferdinand Enke, 1906, 1911. 2 volumes bound in 1. 1st Edition. viii+408; [viii]+527+[1]pp. + 2 half-tone plates. Thick 8vo. Early maroon buckram with gilt spine lettering and marbled endpapers. First title-page stained with bottom right corner chipped, first few leaves dusty, a good, sound, lightly marked ex-library copy with no external markings. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $250.00
GM 6401. All published, the second part of Band II never appeared. An important book by the doyen of early 20th century history of medicine and one of the founders of the field as a discrete discipline.
68. Osler, William (1849-1919).
The Principles and Practice of Medicine Designed for the Use of Practitioners and Students of Medicine. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1892. 1st Edition, 1st issue. xviii+1079+[7]pp. + 8 pages of inserted ads dated November 1891. Heavy 8vo. Appropriate modern 1/2 brown morocco with marbled boards in the style of the publisher's original half-leather binding. Early owner's ink signature scrawled across the title-page, slight edge-chipping to the preceding blank, some edge-chipping to the rear ads with the upper right corner of the last page of ads absent with slight loss of text, still an attractive copy in a suitable modern binding. 1st issue with "Georgias" on p. vi. and with the ads dated Nov. 1891. *SOLD*
Golden & Roland #1375; GM 2231; One Hundred Books Famous in Medicine #82; Bibliotheca Osleriana 3544; Heirs of Hippocrates 2121.

The foundation text for any serious Anglophone medical book collection. Born in Canada and educated at McGill, "Osler first taught at McGill University from 1875 to 1884, followed by five years at the University of Pennsylvani. His career reached its peak, however, in the fifteen years (1889-1904) he spent as professor of medicine at the new Johns Hopkins Medical School in Baltimore. It was there that he introduced the bedside method of teaching; it was there that 'clinical clerks,' young medical students, were taken out of the lecture halls and put in direct contact with the patient from whom they could learn, as Osler insisted, by studying the patient. In 1905 Osler was invited to become Regius professor of medicine at Oxford, where he spent the rest of his life." [Heirs]

69. Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich (1849-1936).
The Work of the Digestive Glands. London: Charles Griffin & Company, Limited, 1910. 2nd Edition in English. [First published 1897 in Russian; First issued in English translation in 1902.] [2]+xiv+266+[2]pp. + 34 page rear catalog dated 1/11/09. 43 text figures. Panelled pebbled crimson cloth with gilt spine lettering. Library bookplate, withdrawn stamp to the half-title, and partly defaced (and rather ugly) spine label, front joint and exremities rubbed, a good ex-library copy. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $200.00
GM-5 #1022 (1897 1st Russian edition); Heirs to Hippocrates 2129 (1898 1st German). The second English edition adds two chapters, conforms all Russian names to English language equivalents, and includes additional material by Pavlov's students and ex-students.

The work for which Pavlov won the Nobel prize and that led directly to his discovery of conditional reflexes. I have long considered this the classic exposition of scientific method in the medical sciences, even better than Bernard's Introduction to Experimental Medicine. Pavlov's description of his experimental methods is concise and elegant. "Pavlov made perhaps the greatest contribution to our knowledge of the physiology of digestion. Especially notable was his method of producing gastric and pancreatic fistulae for the purpose of his experiments" [GM].

70. Pearson, Karl (1857-1936).
The Chances of Death and Other Studies in Evolution. London/NY: Edward Arnold / New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1897. 2 volumes. 1st Edition. ix+[3]+388, [4]+460pp. + 6 plates + errata slip tipped-in at page [1] of volume 1. Frontispieces with tissue-guards. Paneled green cloth with gilt-stamped spines and glazed blue-black endpapers. Cloth bubbled, spines a bit rubbed, corners moderately worn, a very good copy. Quite uncommon. Inquire | Order $435.00
GM 1706. Important essays by the pioneer British statistician and biographer of Galton. Includes "Variation in Man and Woman," the first study of anthropological populations to use scientific measures of variability.
71. Pettigrew, Thomas Joseph (1791-1865).
Biographical Memoirs of the Most Celebrated Physicians, Surgeons, etc. Who Have Contributed to the Advancement of Medical Science. [From the Medical Portrait Gallery]. London: Sweet & Maxwell, Limited, 1839, 1840. 2 volumes bound in 1. 1st Edition. Separate pagination for each biography. Small 4to. Late 19th or early 20th century leather-backed blue cloth-covered boards with gilt-stamped spine, top edge gilt. Spine quite worn with foot defective for about 4 cm., library bookplate and rubber stamp to the first title-page, whited spine call number, boards nearly detached. Internally a very good copy. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $250.00
GM 6711 (all 4 volumes). Volumes 3 & 4 of The Medical Portrait Gallery (1st 2 volumes published 1838 by Fisher, Sons). Contains biographies (each with fine engraved portrait with tissue guard) for James Annesley, Charles Bell, Herman Boerhaave, John Bostock, John Cheyne, William Cruikshank, William Heberden, Hippocrates, A. P. W. Philip, George Sigmond, Benjamin Travers, James Ware [Vol. 3]; John Brown, Thomas Copeland, William Cullen, Galen, Marshall Hall, William Harvey, Sir James McGrigor, Pettigrew himself, Richard Powell, Peter Mark Roget, Anthony Stafford, Thomas Young [Vol. 4].

One of the Foundation Texts for Modern Psychiatry

72. Pinel, Philippe (1745-1826).
Traité médico-philosophique sur l'aliénation mentale, ou la manie. Paris: Chez Richard, Caille et Ravier, Libraires, An IX [1801]. 1st Edition. lvi+318pp. + 2 copperplates + folding table after page 250. Mid-20th century pebbled green cloth with spine stamped in gilt "La Manie". Sheets lightly browned, slight foxing, a very good copy. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $2,250.00
GM-5 4922; Cushing P286; Waller 7456; Heirs of Hippocrates 1070; Norman Catalog 1701; Norman 100 Books Famous in Medicine #54.

Combining a psychological study with a social program for the humane care and rehabilitation of the insane, Pinel classified the types of alienation as melancholia, mania with and without delirium, and idiotism. In the final chapters he described the reforms he instituted in the management of his asylum. Pinel was the first to keep detailed psychiatric case histories — a tradition carried on and systematically elaborated by his brilliant pupil Esquirol. "Yet humanitarian treatment of the insane, although crucial to Pinel's psychiatric work, was not that work's sole focus, for Pinel also devoted himself to establishing psychiatry as a scientifically based branch of medicine. His Traité replaced the speculation and theorizing characteristic of earlier discussions of insanity with his own practical observations of the lunatics of the Bicêtre, whose illnesses could now be observed undistorted by cruel treatment. … He recognized emotional disorders to be the main cause of intellectual dysfunction, but also took into account heredity, predisposition, and hypersensitivity, and attempted to find relationships between insanity and cranial deformity" [Norman Catalog].

73. Ploss, Hermann (1819-1885) & Bartels, Max[imilian Carl August] (1843-1904).
Das Weib in der Natur-Und Völkerkunde: anthropologische Studien von Dr. H. Ploss. Zweite, stark vermehrte Auflage. Nach dem Todes des Verfassers bearbeitet und herausgegeben von Dr. Max Bartels. Mit 7 lithogr. Tafeln, dem Portrait des Dr. H. Ploss in Lichtdruck und 107 Abbildungen im Text. Leipzig: Th. Grieben's Verlag (L. Fernau), 1887. 2 volumes bound in 1. 2nd Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1885.] xx+[6]+576; viii+719+[1]pp. + 7 lithographs + photogravure portrait of Ploss. 107 text wood engravings. Heavy 8vo. Early 20th century russet buckram with gilt spine lettering and decorative endpapers. A very good copy with library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title-page and several other leaves. Scarce. Inquire | Order $150.00
A classic cross-cultural study of women, encyclopedic in scope, the second edition of which is greatly revised & expanded. "A vast amount of data concerning every aspect of woman is collected into these volumes. Anthropology, psychology, aesthetics, physiology are all treated at length in what has become a standard adn authoritative work. Subsequent editions were edited by Max and Paul Bartels and vy von Reitzenstein. An English translation by E. J. Dingwall was published in ondon in 1935 . . ." [GM 179 citing the 1885 first edition].
74. Ploss, Hermann & Bartels, Max[imilian Carl August].
Das Weib in der Natur-Und Völkerkunde: anthropologische Studien von Dr. H. Ploss. Dritte umgearbeitete und stark vermehrte Auflage. Nach dem Todes des Verfassers bearbeitet und herausgegeben von Dr. Max Bartels. Leipzig: Th. Grieben's Verlag (L. Fernau), 1891. 2 volumes. 3rd Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1885.] xxiii+[1]+575+[1]; vii+[1]+684+[2]pp. + photogravure frontis portrait of Ploss to first volume + 10 lithographic plates (each with tissue guard). 203 text figures. Contemporary purple morocco with gilt-ruled front panels, gilt-stamped spines, and silk endpapers. Spine and joints rubbed, spine labels removed, sporadic scoring and a few marginal notes, still a quite decent set. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $125.00
GM #179, citing the first edition. A classic cross-cultural study of women, encyclopedic in scope. There were 11 editions in all, each being revised and enlarged, with the final editition appearing in 1927.
75. Porta, Giovanni Battista della (1545-1615).
De humana physiognomonia Ioannis Baptistae Portae Neapolitani Libri IV. Qui ab extremis, quae in hominum corporibus conspiciuntur signis . . . Editio postrema priori correctior. Rothomagi [= Rouen]: Sumptibus Ioannis Berthelin, Bibliopolae, 1650. 2 volumes bound in 1. [12]+403+[41 + index]pp. Wood-engraved title-page illustration; numerous text woodcuts and historiated initials. 8vo. Contemporary paneled calf with red leather spine label. Spine rubbed and worn but still quite intact, about 2/3 of the leather spine label lacking, crown quite worn, sheets browned, somewhat closely cropped at the top margin, leather from the boards separating along the joints, bottom edges rubbed and somewhat erose, still a decent copy in an intact contemporary binding. Uncommon. Porta's two books on physiognomy here bound together (and possibly issued that way, as OCLC records 5 copies bound together). Both the first editions printed in France (9th Latin edition of the De humana and 4th edition of the coelestis). Diamond 23.5; Norman Catalog 1723, GM 150, Heirs of Hippocrates 370, Osler 3714, Cushing P346 (1586 edition) -- all the De humana. Bound with I. B. Portae Neapolitani. Physiognomoniae coelestis libri sex. Rothomogai: Berthelin, 1650. [12]+154pp. A few woodcut initials and head-pieces. 4th edition and 1st edition printed in France (preceded by the editions of 1603, 1606, & 1645). "In 1601 [sic] he brought out a curious treatise on celestial physiognomy, in which, after a prefatory denunciation of astrology, he proceeded to develop a theory of astral signatures that he had confirmed by experience and observation" [DSB XI: 97]. Graesse cites the three earlier editions and a 1652 edition, but not this Rouen edition. This edition not in Wellcome (Strassburg 1606 is the only Latin edition)]. Inquire | Order $1,500.00
The ancient "science" of character-reading from physiognomy saw its Renaissance revival in della Porta's widely influential book — one of the first such manuals to be illustrated —, which itself was the ultimate foundation of Lavater's revival of the idea in the late 18th century. As so often, Sol Diamond got its importance exactly right, for the notions of causal dependence of behavior on the body and its expressive modes as well as of the possibility of methodically correlating the two were concepts necessary for the later emergence of clinical psychology and psychiatry. Porta himself was a major figure in the emergence of natural science, though in typical Renaissance fashion he combined elements of credulity with recognition of the importance of experiment and experiential confirmation of preconceived theories.
76. Prichard, James Cowles (1786-1848).
A Treatise on Insanity and Other Disorders Affecting the Mind. Philadelphia: Haswell, Barrington, and Haswell, 1837. 1st American Edition. [First published 1835 in London.] 337+[1]pp. Contemporary calf lacking leather spine label. Spine worn, front board detached and rear hinge tender, internally a very good copy with some browning and foxing. Quite uncommon. Inquire | Order $500.00
GM-5 #4928; Norman Catalog #1747; Hunter & Macalpine, pp. 836-842 (all the 1835 British first edition).

Prichard coined the vastly influential concept 'moral insanity' which he briefly described in the Cyclopedia of Practical Medicine, 1833-35, and which he fully described in the present work. The standard British psychiatric text until Bucknill & Tuke (1858), Prichard's Treatise is also the first extensive description of psychopathy. In 1888 Koch introduced the term 'psychopathic inferiority' which Kraepelin adopted. Meyer used the term 'constitutional psychopathic inferior' in 1905 while Cleckley gave the classic exposition of the syndrome in his 1941 Mask of Sanity. The modern descriptions vary little from Prichard's while his term 'moral insanity' is more descriptive of the disorder's phenomenology than its pallid replacement 'psychopathy'.

77. Puschmann, Theodor (1844-1899).
Geschichte des medicinischen Unterrichts von den ältesten Zeiten bis zur Gegenwart. Leipzig: Verlag von Veit & Comp., 1889. 1st Edition. viii+522pp. Dark brown cloth with patterned endpapers. Upper third of spine lacking, front joint split, some tearing to the lower spine, a fair to good copy only with library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title-page and a number of other leaves. Inquire | Order $100.00
GM 6391 & 1766.601 (both this 1st German edition): "The most comprehensive multinational study of the development of medical education, and of limited value for coverage of the 19th century." Translated into English in 1891 as History of Medical Education from the Most Remote to the Most Recent Times.
78. Ray, I[saac] (1807-1881).
Contributions to Mental Pathology. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1873. 1st Edition. [2]+vii+[1]+558+[2]pp. Printed pebbled green cloth with gilt lettering. Spine varnished, corners frayed, first several leaves creased & somewhat soiled, a very good copy of a book usually found in worn condition. Inquire | Order $185.00
Norman Catalog 1787; Heirs of Hippocrates 1702; Sadoff Catalog p. 63.
Ray's last book, being a selection of 22 papers, all but two of which had already appeared in print.

First Complete Description of Refsum's Disease

79. Refsum, Sigvald (1907-1991).
Heredopathia Atactica Polyneuritiformis: A Familial Syndrome not hitherto described. A Contribution to the Clinical Study of the Hereditary Diseases of the Nervous System. From The Neurological University Clinic (The Rikshospital) Oslo, Norway, Chief: Professor G. H. Monrad-Krohn … (Series 2, No. 134). [Translated by Claude Lillingston]. Oslo: Johan Grundt Tanum Forlag, 1946. 1st Norwegian Edition. 302+[2]pp. 28 text figures. Printed stiff cream card covers with black lettering. Spine rubbed & creased, with crown & foot worn, gatherings broken at page 240 with the stitching separated, a good to very good copy. Quite uncommon. Also published in 1946 in Copenhagen by Munksgaard as supplement 38 of Acta Psychiat. Scand.. Inscribed on the title-page "With the author's compliments". Inquire | Order $150.00
GM 3924.2 With resumés in German and French and a bibliography of 817 items. First complete description of "Refsum's disease," an inherited disorder of lipid metabolism. Refsum published several preliminary descriptions, the first of which was "Heredoataxia hemelaropica polyneuritiformis" in Nord. med. 28: 2682-2686.

Professor of neurology successively at Bergen & Oslo and president for eight years of the World Federation of Neurologists, Refsum had trained under Monrad-Kohn. He pioneered the study of neurogenetics.

The Ursprung for German Psychiatry

80. Reil, Johann Christian (1759-1813).
Rhapsodien über die Anwendung der psychischen Kurmethode auf Geisteszerrüttungen. Halle: in der Curtschen Buchhandlung, 1803. 1st Edition. 504pp. Original drab green boards. Joints & edges chipped, a very good, lightly foxed copy with the title-page stamp and spine call number of The Hartford Retreat. Rare. Smith Ely Jelliffe's copy with his autopen signature to the title-page and front paste-down. Inquire | Order $3,000.00
GM-5 4923; Heirs of Hippocrates 1163 (1818 2nd edition); Norman catalog 1821. Along with Pinel's 1801 treatise, than which it is much rarer, the foundation text for modern psychiatry and the Ur-text for German psychiatry. The son of a pastor, Reil published in 1796 De structura nervorum, one of the great books in the history of neurology, founding in the same year the Archiv für Physiologie. By the time his Rhapsodien was published Reil had been professor of medicine at Halle for 15 years and was recognized as one of the leaders of German medicine.

  • In the present work — regarded by Alexander and Selesnick as the first systematic treatise of psychotherapy — Reil "described the conditions which we would today call psychoneuroses. He observed cases of depersonalization and of double personality. He was interested in the patients' introspective self-observations, that is, in the ideational content and what we call trends. He gave a detailed and truly enlightened description of what a mental hospital should be" [Zilboorg (1942) p. 288].
  • "While the title is usually quoted and considered to reflect Romantic notions, it is important to note that Reil used the term Rhapsodie to denote Kant's concept of a natural science based on empirical knowledge." Reil "proposed an empirical psychology for and by physicians, different from the psychology of the philosophers … While Reil saw the mind as acting in unison, he differentiated three primary closely related mental powers, which he found most notably affected in mental illness and to which the mental therapy of mental illness was to be primarily directed. They are consciousness, circumspection, and attention (Bewusstsein Besonnenheit and Aufmerksamkeit)" [Otto Marx, "German Romantic Psychiatry Part I" in Wallace & Gach History of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology, Springer, 2008].

81. Rush, Benjamin (1745-1813).
Medical Inquiries and Observations Vol. I. Philadelphia: Published by J. Conrad & Co. [et al.], 1805. 2nd Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1789.] x+454pp. Contemporary calf with black leather spine label. Front hinge cracked with flyleaf nearly detached, some wear to the spine tips and corners, a very good copy with typical browning. *SOLD*
The revised and expanded edition of Rush's first published book (as opposed to pamphlets and tracts). Collects 21 papers including his essays on the natural history of medicine among the North American Indians; "An Account of the Bilious Remitting Fever" [GM 5470: "One of the first important accounts of dengue]; on the climate of Pennsylvania; scarlatina anginosa; cholera infantum; pulmonary consumption; worms in the alimentary canal; the use of arsenic in the cure of cancers; tetanus & hydrophobia; the influence of the Amerian Revolution on the human body; the relation of tastes and aliments and their influence on human health & pleasure; the new mode of inoculation for small-pox; appendix on the duties of a physician. Added for this edition is "The Account of the Means of Preventing the Usual Forms of Summer and Autumnal Disease." "A number of facts have been added to the Inquiry into the Effects of Ardent Spirits upon the Body and Mind, and to the Observation upon the Tetanus, Cynanche Trachealis, and Old Age" [from the preface].
82. Sauvages de la Croix, Francois Bossier de (1706-1767).
Nosologie methodique, dans laquelle les maladies sont rangées par classes, suivant le systême de Sydenham, & l'ordre des Botanistes. Ouvrage augmenté de quelques Notes en forme de Commentaire, par M. Nicolas, Chirurgien gradué. Translation by the author of (presumably) the 1768 revised edition of his Nosologia methodica sistens morborum clases juxta sydenhami botanicorum ordinem. Paris: Chez Herissant le fils, [1771]. 3 volumes. 1st Edition in French. [First published 1763 in Latin.] xl+800; viii+759+[1]; [8]+608+108pp. Contemporary half-calf with mottled boards. Boards rubbed; joints cracked but sound; some wear to the leather but a quite sound set with nice margins. Uncommon. The 108 page lexicon (Vocabulaire de la nosologie) is bound at the end of volume III. Inquire | Order $750.00
GM (3rd edition) 2203; Blake p. 403; Heirs of Hippocrates #873; Zilboorg's History of Medical Psychology, pp. 305-307. A friend of Linnaeus, Sauvages was professor of medicine (and later of botany) at Montpellier. An important 18th century nosological treatise, which greatly influenced Linnaeus & Cullen.

The botanist/physician Sauvages continued Sydenham's nosological work, first in his 1731 preliminary monograph, Traité des classes des maladies, and then in the present greatly enlarged and revised version with a long introduction and discussion about the principles of nosology and of classification in general. [Adapted from Karl Menninger's The Vital Balance (1963) pp. 431-3]. Sauvages describes ten classes of disease, the eighth being devoted to madness, which in turn he subdivided into four orders: errors of reason; the bizarre; deliria; anomalies. Sauvages placed the (in the 18th century) highly fashionable "vapors" under the fifth order of the sixth class. Heirs of Hippocrates notes that the Éloge at the beginning of the first volume is an informative presentation of Sauvage's life and achievements, and that the work is unique in that it served simultaneously as medical textbook and dictionary.

83. Schoute, D[irk] (born 1873).
Occidental Therapeutics in the Netherlands East Indies During Three Centuries of Netherlands Settlement. (1600-1900). Batavia [Netherlands]: Medeelingen van den Dienst der Volksgezondheid in Nederlandsch-Indië / Publications of the Netherlands Indies Public Health Service, 1937. 1st Edition in English. [iv]+iv+214+[2]pp. Small 4to. Printed tan cloth with drab spine, red front lettering, and pale gray endpapers. Cloth bubbled and quite dust-soiled, a good copy with library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title-page and several other leaves. Scarce. Inquire | Order $125.00
GM 6604.4 A revised summary of his two earlier Dutch publications, De geneeskunde in den dienst der Oos-tIndische Comapgnie in Nederlandsch-Indië (1929) and De Geneeskunde in Nederlandsch-Indië gedurende de negentiende eeuw (1935).
84. Schroeder van der Kolk, Jacob[us] L[udovicus] C[onradus] (1797-1862).
On the Minute Structure and Functions of the Spinal Cord and Medulla Oblongata. [and] On the Proximate Cause and Rational Treatment of Epilepsy. Translated from the Original [with Emendations and Copious Additions from Manuscript Notes of the Author.] By William Daniel Moore, A.B., M.B. … Translation of Anatomisch physiologisch Onderzoek over het fijnere Zamenstel (1855) and of Bau und Functionen der medulla spinalis oblongata (1859). The New Sydenham Society Volume IV. London: The New Sydenham Society, 1859. 1st Edition in English. [First published in Dutch.] [xiv]+292pp. + 10 plates. Embossed brown cloth with gilt spine lettering and gilt front device of Sydenham. Rear joint frayed but sound, rubber stamp of the Royal Army Medical College to the paste-down, half-title, and title, rear hinge lightly cracked, modern bookplate, still an attractive, clean copy. Uncommon. *SOLD*
Meynell No. 4 (p. 51); GM 4815 (1859 German edition of the first work).
GM 4815: "brought histological examination to the forefront in connexion with theories on the localization of function. His careful microscopical studies confirmed the medulla as being the ultimate seat of epilepsy." An important Dutch alienist, Schroeder van der Kolk was inspector of asylums from 1841-1862.

The First Application of Phrenology to Psychiatry

85. Spurzheim, J[ohann] G[aspar].
Observations on the Deranged Manifestations of the Mind, or Insanity. London: Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, 1817. 1st Edition. viii+312pp. + 4 copper plates. Contemporary 1/2 calf with marbled boards and gilt spine. Corners repaired, rebacked (some time ago) with original spine laid-down, light browning and foxing, hinges cracked, a very good copy. Scarce. Inquire | Order $385.00
Cooter 1065.2; Hunter-Macalpine pp. 715-16; Heirs of Hippocrates #1316 (1833 US edition). The first—and most important—application of phrenology to psychiatry, the French edition of which appeared in 1818. Spurzheim's fourth book.
86. Spurzheim, J[ohann] G[aspar].
Observations on the Deranged Manifestations of the Mind; or, Insanity. Appendix by Amariah Brigham. Boston: Marsh, Capen & Lyon, 1835. 3rd American Edition. [First published London 1817; first American edition published 1833.] viii+272pp. + 5 lithographs. Embossed dark brown cloth, rebacked with paper spine label. Edges chipped, lightly foxed, a very good copy. Inquire | Order $175.00
Cooter 1065.6; Heirs of Hippocrates 1316 (1st American edition). Spurzheim revised the text for the American edition just before he died in Boston in 1832. Brigham, superintendent at Utica and founder in 1844 of the American Journal of Insanity, supplied much supplementary material in the appendix on the conditions discussed by Spurzheim. The four plates depict side views of the heads of idiots as well as plans for a hospital for the insane and one for individuals convalescing from mental illnesses.
87. Steinbock, R[obert] Ted (born 1952).
Paleopathological Diagnosis and Interpretation: Bone Diseases in Ancient Human Populations. Foreword by T. Dale Stewart. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas Publisher, [1976]. 1st Edition. xvi+423+[1]pp. Over 162 text illustrations (some with two images). Printed maroon cloth with gilt lettering. Edges of the text block somewhat handsoiled, else very good in quite intact but edgeworn and somewhat dowdy pictorial dust jacket. *SOLD*
"The first text providing diagnostic criteria for evaluating ancient skeletal remains" [GM 2312.7]. Based on Steinbock's 1973 honors thesis submitted to the Dept. of Biology at Harvard, which he converted into a book at Harvard Medical School. Drawing on material from radiologists, pathologists, and physical anthropologists, the book was primarily designed for anthropologists.
88. Swan, Joseph (1791-1874).
A Demonstration of the Nerves of the Human Body. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longmans / Edinburgh: A. & C. Black / Dublin: Hodges & Smith, 1834. 1st Edition. [4]+iv+98+lxxxii+[4]pp. + 25 fine steel engravings. 4to. Original pebbled green cloth with gilt spine lettering. Rebacked with original spine laid-down, dorners worn, hinges strengthened, margins browned, minor chipping to the bottom edge of the first few leaves, some finger-smudging and slight foxing, still a very good copy. Uncommon. With the ornate bookplate of Charles Atwood Kofoid (1865-1947), professor of zoology at the University of California 1910-1936. Kofoid's collection & classification of many new species of marine protozoans helped establish marine biology on a systematic basis. Inquire | Order $1,500.00
McHenry p. 520 (4to editon); Heirs of Hippocrates #1482 (folio edition). Originally issued in 1830 as an elephant folio. Threatened by the possibility of a pirate edition, Swan arranged for the production of this less expensive quarto edition. Finden, one of the engravers for the folio edition, re-engraved the plates for this edition. Anatomist and surgeon to Lincoln County Hospital, Swan was for forty years a member of the council of the Royal College of Surgeons, to which the work is dedicated. In 1835 Swan published a companion book on nonhuman neuranatomy.
89. Tardieu, [Auguste] Ambroise (1818-1879).
Étude médico-légale et clinique sur l'empoisonnement. Avec la collaboration de Z. Roussin. Paris: Librairie J.-B. Baillière et Fils / Londres: Baillière, Tindall and Cox / Madrid: C[arlos] Bailly-Baillière, 1867. 2nd Revised & enlarged Edition. xx+1240pp. + 1 lithographed plate. 54 text woodcuts and 1 paginated text lithographic plate. Thick 8vo. Contemporary 1/2 calf with marbled boards. Corners worn, spine crudely covered with drab brown cloth, a good ex-library reading copy only. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $125.00
An important book by the leading French forensic physician of the late 19th century. The 1867 first edition is GM 1745.
90. Teale, Thomas Pridgin (1801?-1868).
A Treatise on Neuralgic Diseases, Dependent upon Irritation of the Spinal Marrow and Ganglia of the Sympathetic Nerve. Philadelphia: E. L. Carey and A. Hart, 1830. 1st American Edition. [First published 1829 in London.] iv+120pp. Cloth-backed drab boards with paper spine label. Upper third of spine erose, some peeling to upper front board, slight foxing & a marginal tear to one leaf, a very good copy. American books from this period in boards are rapidly disappearing from the market place. Inquire | Order $150.00
Cordasco 30-0877; Heirs of Hippocrates 1633: "Teale uses numerous case histories as examples in applying Broussais' doctrine of irritation to the nervous system." An interesting investigation of the origin of various kinds of pain described under the general rubric of neuralgia.

A well-known provincial surgeon and one of the founders of the medical school at Leeds, Teale taught there for more than 25 years, chiefly anatomy and physiology. This is his first and only neurological book.

91. Tissot, [Samuel Auguste André David] (1728-1797).
Traité de l'epilepsie. Faisant le tome troisieme du Traité des nerfs & de leurs maladies [ie, volume 3, part 1]. A Lausanne: Chez Antoine Chapuis . . . et à Paris: chez P. F. Didot, le jeune, 1770. 1st Edition. [viii]+419+[1]pp. 12mo. Modern black goatskin with red leather spine label and raised spine bands. Sheets lightly browned, else a very good copy with library rubber stamp to the title-page and final leaf of text. Scarce. *SOLD*
Temkin. The Falling Sickness. p. 229-31; McHenry p. 136; Blake 1979 p. 454. Issued as the first part of the third volume of his collected works on nervous diseases, but the first volume published. "Tissot collected material for many years for his important treatise on nervous diseaes. His work is especially important because of his numerous condensations of previous literature and his precise references to many writers otherwise forgotten or overlooked. One of the most significant portions of his work is his monograph on epilepsy . . . Overall, Tissot's importance is due to his clear differentiation between diseases of the nervous systme and the pathology of other body systems, w hich laid the foundation for modern neurology" [Heirs of Hippocrates #980 [the complete Traité, 1778-1780 edition].

"Tissot's Treatise on Epilepsy, published in 1770, is the first book on this subject to show all the characteristics of Enlightenment in medicine. Written in the French vernacular, it is at once learned, scientific, and readable. … Tissot is to be found on the side of those opposing old beliefs for which no adequate reason could be given" [Temkin. The Falling Sickness. p. 229].

92. Topinard, Paul (1830-1912).
De l'ataxie locomotrice et en particulier de la maladie appelée ataxie locomotrice progressive. Paris: J.-B. Baillière et Fils, Libraires de L'Acadamie Imperiale de Médecine, 1864. 1st Edition. viii+575+[1]pp. Contemporary brown cloth-backed marbled boards with gilt-stamped spine. Slight chip to the lower front joint, else a very good copy with The Hartford Retreat's embossed title-page stamp and faint whited spine call number. Scarce. With Smith Ely Jelliffe's bookplate and autopen signature to the title-page. Inquire | Order $350.00
See GM 175 for Topinard's important work on anthropology. After practicing medicine for many years he became curator of the musuem of the Société d'Anthropologie de Paris. "This work received first prize in an essay contest sponsored by the Académie Impériale de Médecine. From 252 case histories, including many of his own patients, Topinard describes the clinical signs and pathological changes, both gross and microscopic, in progressive degenerative changes in the cereburm, cerebellum, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves which result in essentially incurable changes in control of body motion and position. Changes due to tumors, alcoholism, syphilis, and those of unknown etiology are treated with remarkable accuracy, considering the date of the book" [Heirs of Hippocrates #1965]. Also contains chapters on hysteria and functional nerve disorders.
93. Tuke, Daniel Hack (1827-1895).
Chapters in the History of the Insane in the British Isles. London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., 1882. 1st Edition. x+[2]+548+[2]pp. + 3 wood engravings. Black-ruled red cloth with gilt spine lettering and black endpapers. Hinges quite cracked, cloth rubbed, spine faded and spotted, occasional light penciling, a good copy. Inquire | Order $225.00
GM 5003; Norman Catalog 2104; Heirs of Hippocrates 1929. The only member of this illustrious family to receive a medical degree (Heidelberg in 1853), Daniel Tuke was, with Maudsley, probably the most influential mid- to late 19th century British psychiatrist. His and Bucknill's 1857 Manual of Psychological Medicine was the first modern British textbook of psychiatry.

"The author's chief aim in the present work is to present the most important aspects and events concerning the treatment of the insane in the British Isles. In so doing, he reviews their treatment from Saxon times and discuss [sic] the contributions of the major institutions serving the insane. Tuke covers the development and progress of legislation affecting the treatment of the mentally ill and includes a chapter on the criminally insane. Treatment of the insane in Scotland and Ireland are also mentioned and the book concludes with a review of psychological medicine from 1844 to 1881" [Heirs].

94. Tuke, D[aniel] Hack, ed.
A Dictionary of Psychological Medicine Giving the Definition, Etymology and Synonyms of the Terms Used in Medical Psychology with the Symptoms, Treatment, and Pathology of Insanity and the Law of Lunacy in Great Britain and Ireland. Philadelphia: P. Blakiston, Son & Co., 1892. 2 volumes. xvi+722; [iv]+643-1477+[1]pp. + frontis to the first volume + Blakiston's inserted 32 page catalog, dated July 1892, at the rear of volume one. Thick 8vo. Paneled blue cloth and paneled green cloth (volume two) with gilt-stamped spines. Old tape repair to the bottom margin of the frontis plate; several margins in both volumes repaired; small embossed library stamp to the title-page of volume two and rubber stamp to the half-title of volume one; a very good, quite usable set with volume one recased and volume two rebacked. Scarce. A mixed set with volume two being the UK edition: London: J. & A. Churchill, 1892. Volume one is slightly shorter, measuring 24.3 x 16.5cm. Inquire | Order $500.00
GM 4947. The first psychiatric dictionary and still an immensely valuable work.
95. Unzer, John Augustus (1727-1799).
The Principles of Physiology, by John Augustus Unzer; and a Dissertation on the Functions of the Nervous System, by George Prochaska. Translations of Prochaska's Adnotationum academicarum fasciculi tres. III. De functionibus systematis nervosi, et observationes anatomico-pathologicae, 1st published 1780-84 and of Unzer's Erste Gründe einer Physiologie der eigenlichen thiereschen Natur thierescher Körper, 1771. Translated by Thomas Laycock (1812-1876). London: Printed for the Sydenham Society, 1851. 1st Edition in English. xii+[xvi]+463+[1]pp. Embossed green cloth with gilt front cover device, gilt spine lettering, and yellow endpapers. Bookplate, crown moderately frayed, spine label removed, old medical library ink stamp to the titile-page, a very good copy. Inquire | Order $350.00
GM 1357 & 1386 (citing the first editions of 1771 & 1784); Meynell No. 26, p. 42.
According to GM Unzer was probably the first to use the term 'reflex' in connection with sensori-motor reactions while Prochaska developed a comprehensive theory of reflex action based on his concepts of vis nervosa (a latent power possessed by the nerves) and sensorium commune (the point of reflection between the sensory and motor nerves), See pages 90-97 in Fearing's Reflex Action: A Study in the History of Physiological Psychology for a good discussion of both Unzer and Prochaska.

The Standard Period Anatomy Textbook -- Dandy's Copy

96. Verheyen, Philippe (1648-1710).
Corporis humani anatomiae liber primus … [Volume I only]. Editio secunda. Bruxellis: apud fratres t'Serstevens, 1710. 2nd Revised & enlarged Edition. [First published 1693 in Louvain.] [30]+400pp. + frontis copper plates + 40 folding copper plate engravings. 4to. Contemporary calf with red morocco spine label and raised spine bands. Joints repaired, printed on poor paper (as was the entire edition) with the sheets browned and with the plates extremely browned, gouge to the right edge of about 40 leaves (including a few of the plates), overall very good but without the second volume. Title-page in red & black.
With Walter Dandy's bookplate under, and slightly obscuring, an 18th century book label reading "No // Samuel M'Croskey's, // Philadelphia.", on which an 18th century hand wrote "Bought of"; "2" [after the printed "No."]; and "1767" after the "Philadelphia." With the 18th century ink signatures atop the title-page of "Robert Spratt" and "Samuel M'Closkey". A Hopkins neurosurgeon, Dandy (1886-1946) studied under Cushing and became famous for his surgical technique. He introduced many innovations into neurosurgery, including ventriculography and pneumoencephalography. Inquire | Order $885.00
GM #388 (1693 edition); Blake p. 472; Heirs of Hippocrates #663 (1705 edition); Choulant p. 248; Waller 9880; Hirsch V, 732. The standard period anatomical textbook, oft re-issued, which, according to Choulant, replaced Bertholin's textbook. The enlarged and revised 1710 edition is much preferred.

Verheyen went to Louvain in 1675 to study theology, but after the amputation of a foot studied medicine at Louvain and Leyden instead, obtaining his medical degree from the University of Louvain in 1683. There he became professor of anatomy in 1689, and of surgery in 1693. See Choulant pp. 248-49.

97. Wagner, Rudolf (1805-1864), ed.
Handwörterbuch der Physiologie mit Rücksicht auf physiologische Pathologie. Braunschweig: Druck und Verlag von Friedr. Vieweg und Sohn, 1842, 1844, 1846, 1846, 1853. 4 volumes bound in 5. 1st Edition. lviii+928+[2], [6]+926+[2], [6]+872+[2], [6]+588+[2], [6]+1045+[1]pp. + 7 lithographed plates at the rear of Band 1, 5 in Band 3-1, 2 in Band 4 & 6 folding charts in Band 4. 16 plates & 4 charts. Text woodcuts. Contemporary brown cloth with gilt-stamped spines. Cloth rubbed and scratched, sheets somewhat browned, a bit of marginal staining, Band 4 (the 5th physical volume) almost invisibly recased, a very good set. Scarce. With George Rosen's ink signature to the front flyleaf of the first volume. Rosen (1910-1977) pioneered the historical sociology of psychiatry and medicine. Inquire | Order $1,500.00
GM 607. "Wagner was professor at Göttingen. His literary output was enormous. In the above work he contributed the sections on sympathetic nerves, nerve-ganglia, and nerve-endings. This work contained 63 extensive review articles from 30 authors" [GM].

Contains E. H. Weber's Der Tastsinn und das Gemeingefühl (Band 3, 2. Abt., pp. 481-588), GM 1459, one of the great papers in the history of psychology & the foundation for all subsequent work on the sense of touch as well as somesthetic sensibility. Also contains contributions by Lotze (on vision), A. W. Volkmann (vision), F. W. Hagen (psychology & psychiatry), & J. E. Purkinje (on sleep, dreams, and waking states). Hagen's, Volkmann's & Purkinje's papers are all cited by Freud in Die Traumdeutung (Strachey's Bibliography A).

The Beginning of Experimental Psychology & Psychophysiology

98. Weber, Ernst Heinrich (1795-1878).
De pulsu, resorptione, auditu et tactu. Annotationes anatomicae et physiologicae auctore Ernesto Henrico Weber. Lipsiae [= Leipzig]: prostat apud C. F. Koehler, 1834. 1st Edition. viii+175+[1]pp. Square 4to. Later (but still 19th century, I think) mottled gray-brown boards with black cloth backstrip and hand-lettered spine label. A bit bowed, slight crease toward the upper corner of the rear board; lightly browned and moderately foxed; with the early rubber stamp of the city library of Plauen to the titlepage and three other leaves. A very good copy with wide margins. Rare. A legendary rarity that has been unfindable for many decades -- no doubt because just about nobody but the egregiously eccentric G. H. Fechner paid any attention to it. Fechner, of course, named "Weber's law" after Ernst Heinrich, and gave the name "psychophysics" to the field. *SOLD*
DSB XI:199-201; GM 1457; not in the Norman Catalogue (which means he never found a decent copy to buy); not in Heirs of Hippocrates; not in Waller; Boring's History of Experimental Psychology, 2nd ed., pp. 110-113; Zusne's Biographical Dictionary of Psychology, p. 454; Wozniak Mind and Brain ##37 & page 38. Weber "introduced new methods of measuring sensitivity, establishing perception as an experimental rather than an observational discipline. Working initially with the discrimination of lifted weights, Weber demonstrated that the smallest appreciable difference was a constant fraction of their actual weights. … [He went on to propose] a general law of discrimination that applied to all modalities but with fractions specific to the judgments involved. … He introduced the use of calipers to measure two-point thresholds on the skin surface and found that sensitivity varied enormously, with greatest sensitivity around the lips and least on the trunk. The magnitude of the thresholds depended on the areas of the skin stimulated, which led Weber to introduce the concept of sensory circles—areas on the skin surface that can result in the stimulation of a single peripheral nerve. … His work represents a distinct shift in the psychology of perception from philosophy towards physiology, from speculation to experimentation, and from qualitative to quantitative approaches" [Nicholas J. Wade, Perception and Illusion, pp. 137-138]%%"Whereas Purkyne had shown the value of applying the experimental method to the phenomenology of sensation, Weber extended the approach beyond experimentation to quantification" [Wozniak, p. 38].

Weber spent his entire professional career at the University of Leipzig, where in 1817 he qualified as docent with a thesis on the comparative anatomy of the nervus sympathicus, was appointed the following year professor extraordinarius of comparative anatomy, and in 1821 was nominated to the chair of human anatomy, which in 1840 was joined with physiology. Though the bulk of the present work is devoted to the sense of touch (pages 44-175), in De pulsu Weber "showed that the pulse is a wave in the arteries caused by the heart action and that its propagation … is much faster than the flow of blood …" [DSB XI, p. 200]. He more fully developed the ideas first broached here in De tactu in his 1846 "Der Tastsinn und das Gemeingefühl", published as the section on touch in Wagner's Handwörterbuch der Physiologie. De tactu and "Der Tastsinn" were translated into English in 1978.

The Foundation Text for Endocrinology

99. Wharton, Thomas (1614-1673).
Adenographia: sive glandularum totius corpus description. Authore Thomâ Whartono. Noviomagi [= Nijmegen, The Netherlands]: apud Andream ab Hoogenhuyse, 1664. 3rd Edition. [First published London 1656; 2nd edition Amsterdam 1659.] [24]+261+[1]pp. + 4 inserted copper plates illustrting the pancreas (p. 64), kidneys (p. 83), thymus gland (p.95), and the submaxillary gland (p. 120). 12mo. Modern drab green boards with paper spine label. Sheets browned, else a very nice copy in a plain modern binding. Uncommon. This third edition has 3 additional plates not in the first & second editions. Inquire | Order $500.00
GM 1116; Norman Catalog 2228; Osler 4219 (all 3 the 1st edition); Heirs of Hippocrates 504 & Cushing W146 (both the 1659 edition); Waller 10265. The foundation text for modern endocrinology in which Wharton "gave the first thorough account of the glands of the human body, which Wharton classified as excretory, reductive, and nutrient. He differentiated the viscera from the glands and explained their relationship. … He described the duct of the submaxillary salivary gland (Wharton's Duct)" [and] described the thyroid more accurately than his predecessors, naming it" [GM-5 1116].
100. Whytt, Robert (1714-1766).
Observations on the Nature, Causes, and Cure of Those Diseases Which Have Been Commonly Called Nervous Hypochondriac, or Hysteric: To Which Are Prefixed Some Remarks on the Sympathy of the Nerves. Edinburgh: Printed for T. Becket & P. A. De Hondt, London and J. Balfour, Edinburgh, 1767. 3rd Edition. [First published 1765.] xiii+[3]+507+[25]pp. Contemporary calf, rebacked in the mid-20th century. Foxed, library gift bookplate, right edges of the calf chafed, else a very good copy. Uncommon. Inquire | Order $595.00
GM 4841; Heirs of Hippocrates 923 (both citing the 1765 first edition).
"Scotland's first 'neurologist' and the first after Thomas Willis to make fundamental contributions to the knowledge of the central nervous system and its functions … Whytt attempted to apply his neurophysiological findings clinically to bring order into the various diseases grouped haphazardly as 'nervous, hypochondriac or hysteric'" [Hunter & Macalpine]. "Whytt, a pupil of Monro primus and predecessor of William Cullen in the chair of medicine at Edinburgh, was one of the foremost physicians of the eighteenth century because of his contributions to clinical medicine and particularly to the understanding of reflex action" [Heirs of Hippocrates]. Whytt here discusses the significance of emotions in the pathogenesis of nervousness, hypochondria, and hysteria.
101. Wunderlich, C[arl Reinhold] A[ugust] (1815-1877).
Geschichte der Medicin: Vorlesungen gehalten zu Leipzig im Sommersemeser 1858. Stuttgart: Verlag von Ebner & Seubert, 1859. 1st Edition. iv+366+98+x pages. Contemporary leather-backed marbled boards with marbled edges and gilt-stamped spine. Joints frayed, spine shellacked and with whited call number, otherwise a very good copy with library bookplate and rubber stamp to the title-page. With the signature and small bookplate of the Maryland diabetes specialist Eugene J. Leopold, who translated Araeteus on diabetes in the 1930 Annals of Medical History. *SOLD*
GM 6386. See Hirsch V for details about Wunderlich, who was, among other positions, director of the University of Leipzig's Institute of Medicine.

Wundt's First Psychology Book

102. Wundt, Wilhelm [Max] (1832-1920).
Beiträge zur Theorie der Sinneswahrnehmung. Leipzig und Heidelberg: C. F. Winter'sche Verlagshandlung, 1862. 1st Edition. xxxii+451+[1]pp. Original printed green-gray wrappers with black front, rear, and spine printing. Right front edge of the wrappers chipped; foot of spine erose for about 2 cm.; fairly heavy marginal foxing to about the first 80 pages, with occasional slight foxing thereafter; ink owner's signature to the title-page dated 1946; still quite a desirable copy in its original state. Scarce. Inquire | Order $750.00
GM-5 1463 (citing the journal appearances but mistakenly omitting the book); Heirs of Hippocrates 1981; Wozniak Mind and Body #40 & pp. 41-42; DSB XIV. Wundt's second—and first psychological—book, consisting of six papers originally published in the Zeitschrift für rationelle Medicin 1858-1862 (in vols. 4, 7, 12, 14, 15). For their publication in book form Wundt added an important 22 page introduction, "Ueber die Methoden in der Psychologie," in which he stressed—in quite modern-sounding terms—the need for psychology to be empirical and based on induction.

  • "Carrying out much of his experimental work in his own home and on his own time, Wundt began the study of sense perception that led to a series of publications collected, in 1872, as his Beiträge zur Theorie der Sinneswahrnehmung. … In these articles, Wundt provided the basics of a psychological theory of the perception of space (including some discussion of the need for unconscious inference, apparently arrived at in independence of Helmholtz [whose assistant at Heidelberg Wundt was], reviewed the history of theories of vision, analyzed the psychological function of sensations arising from visual accomodation and eye movement, presented the results of experiments on binocular contrast effects and stereoscopic fusion, and argued, contra Herbart, that the content of consciousness at a given instant always consists of a single, unconsciously integrated percept.
  • Although the body of the Beiträge is important in its own right for exemplifying the direction that Wundt' work was taking, it is his introduction on method, written specifically for the Beiträge, which marked the emergence of Wundt's plan for an experimental psychology. Rejecting a metaphysical foundation for psychology, Wundt argued for the need to transcend the limitations of the direct study of consciousness through the use of genetic, comparative, statistical, historical, and, particularly, experimental methods. Only in this way, he suggested, would it be possible to come to a needed understanding of conscious phenomena as 'complex products of the unconscious mind' (p. xvi)" [Wozniak pp. 41-42].

103. Wundt, Wilhelm [Max].
Lehrbuch der Physiologie des Menschen. Stuttgart: Verlag von Ferdinand Enke, 1865. 1st Edition. [2]+xiii+[1]+661+[1]pp. 137 text woodcuts. Thick 8vo. Contemporary black paper-coverd boards with black cloth spine & corners, gray endpapers, and gilt spine lettering. Foxed; boards rubbed, 19th century ink signature to the title-page and stamp to the half-title and top edge of the Boerhaave Laboratorium in Leiden; a very good copy. Inquire | Order $275.00
Heirs of Hippocrates 1982. Wundt's fourth book, published just after he had begun lecturing on psychology in 1863.

"Among Wundt's important contributions to physiology are his original descriptions of isotonic curves produced by muscles under continued excitation and the effects of drugs on muscle action. This textbook on human physiology was published while Wundt was lecturer at Heidelberg" [Heirs].

First Complete Anatomical Study of the Eye

104. Zinn, Johann Gottfried (1727-1759).
Descriptio anatomica oculi humani iconibus illustrata. Gottingae: apud viduam B. Abrami Vandenhoeck, 1755. 1st Edition. [xvi]+272pp. + 7 folding copper plates by Joel Paul Kaltenhofer. 4to. Modern tan goatskin with red leather spine label and raised spine bands. Mold-staining (mostly marginal) to the first few gatherings, sheets browned and foxed with tide-marking to the last few gatherings, right margins of title-page, dedication leaf, and next leaf defective and repaired, old library rubber stamp to the title-page and obverse of the plates, a good copy of a difficult book to find in the first edition. Scarce. Woodcut title-page vignette and woodcut head & tail pieces. Inquire | Order $1,595.00
Blake p. 499; Hirsch VI: 375; Waller 10493; Osler 4298 (1780 2nd edition only). "The first complete study of the anatomy of the human eye, including the first description of the 'zonule of Zinn' and the 'annulus of Zinn' [GM 1484]. "Zinn, one of Haller's best pupils at Göttingen, became professor of medicine there. Although he died very young, he produced this important book on the anatomy of the eye, which is a fundamental work in the history of ophthalmology" [Heirs of Hippocrates #966].
105. Welch, William Henry (1850-1934).
Papers and Addresses of William Henry Welch. Vol. I: Pathology - Preventive Medicine. Vol. II: Bacteriology. Vol. III: Medical Education -- History and Miscellaneous -- Vivisection -- Bibliography -- Index. [Edited by Walter C. Burket]. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1920. 3 volumes. 1st Edition. [iv]+xxxiv+678+[2]; [vi]+vi+655+[3]; [ii]+vii+[1]+633+[3]pp. Each volume with a fine photogravure portrait frontis with tissue guard. 4to. Printed green cloth with gilt lettering. A good, typically marked ex-library set with crowns shelfworn (heavy fraying to the crown of volume one). Copy # 740 of a limited edition of hand-numbered copies. Inquire | Order $100.00
GM 86.2 Created as a festschrift for Welch's 70th birthday. Includes all six of Welch's Garrison-Morton papers (2308, 2508, 2516, 3011, 5061, 5621), a 53 page bibliography of his publications, and Simon Flexner's 24 page biographical introduction.
Section 2: Garrison & Morton or Heirs of Hippocrates Books: Facsimiles, Reprints, & Less Costly Books

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