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Rieber Catalog #143. The earliest use in an English title (of which we are aware) of the term 'physiological psychology.' A collection of five papers originally printed in Winslow's Journal of Psychological Medicine and mostly treating the topics of perception, consciousness, mind, brain, & the nervous system. The book is dedicated to W. B. Carpenter, who greatly influenced Dunn's ideas.
A general practitioner in London who had studied at Guy's and St Thomas's hospitals, Dunn was a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society, the Ethnological Society, and the Medical Society of London. "Dunn's special interests lay in language, hallucinations (and kindred phenomena), and sleep. … While holding that in this life mental phenomena manifested themselves through the nervous apparatus (especially the brain) Dunn remained a mind-body dualist. He identified three successively developed levels of conscious functioning: sensory, perceptive, and intellectual, each served by a 'distinct nervous organic instrumentality'. His position is transitional between those of Benjamin Brodie and Henry Holland …" [Graham Richards' entry on Dunn in the online ODNB].
Grinstein's Sigmund Freud's Writings 30; Grinstein Index to Psychoanalytic Writings 10381; Meyer-Palmedo 1884c; Norman Catalog F6 (German only). Freud's first paper to appear in English with his name, this recounts his discovery of the method of gold chloride staining. Freud and Bernard Sachs translated this condensed English version, which differs from both of the German versions. Freud published a preliminary report in 1884 as "Eine neue Methode zum Studium des Faserverlaufes im Centralnervensystem" in Centralblatt für die medizinischen Wissenschaften [22 (11), pp. 161-163, Grinstein 10379, Meyer-Palmedo 1884b], followed later the same year by a fuller exposition with the same title in Heft 5-6 of Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie, Anatomische Abth. [pp. 453-460, Grinstein 10380, Meyer-Palmedo 1884d]. Though his method never became widely used, it did, as Bernfeld pointed out in "Freud's Scientific Beginnings" (American Imago 6, 1949), foreshadow his invention of the technique of free association. In the canon of Freud's appearances in English, this paper in the April 1884 issue of Brain is preceded only by an unsigned paper that Grinstein attributed to Freud but strangely omitted from his bibliography: a review of Arnold Spina's Studies on the Bacillus of Tuberculosis in Medical News (Philadelphia), issue for 7 Apr 1883 in vol. 42, pp. 401-402 [Meyer-Palmedo 1883a]. For an extensive discussion of whys & wherefores of Grinstein's attribution of the earlier paper to Freud see his "Freud's First Publications in America" in Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association Vol.19 (1971), pp. 241-263.
- Also contains David Ferrier's "Hemisection of the Spinal Cord";
- Charles Richet's "Note on Mental Suggestion" [an early, possibly the first, use in English of the term "mental suggestion"];
- Fletcher Beach's "On Atrophy of the Brain in Imbeciles";
- H. Obersteiner's "The Cerebral Blood-vessels in Health and Disease";
- A. Pitres' "On the Early Occurrence of Ankle Clonus in Hemiplegia";
- Charles Mercier's "The Nervous Discharge";
- L. Lichtheim's "On Aphasia";
- plus other papers, clinical case reports, reviews, and abstracts.
GM-5 4976.1; Norman Catalog 1154; Crabtree 1235; Heirs of Hippocrates 2228; Ellenberger Discovery of the Unconscious p. 339 & 358-364; Wozniak Mind & Body pp. 29-30 & 61. The book that popularized Janet's term "subconscious," first introduced in a paper he wrote in 1888.
- Janet's second doctoral dissertation (preceded by his unpublished dissertation in Latin on Bacon, also 1889) and his first full-length book, this is the Ur-text for dissociation theory and a landmark in the history of hypnotism, abnormal psychology, psychopathology, and the mind-body relationship. Expanding on research he had reported in three important papers published 1886-1888 in the Revue Philosophique, Janet here "examines those human acts which, while bearing the earmarks of intelligence, yet bypass the will and escape conscious awareness. Janet calls these acts 'psychological automatisms'" [Crabtree]. Dividing such abnormal mental states into total and partial automatisms, with the former involving the whole personality and the latter only part of the personality split from awareness, "Janet employed automatic writing and hypnosis to identify the traumatic origins and explore the nature of automatism. Syncope, catalepsy, and artificial somnambulism with post-hypnotic amnesia and memory for prior hypnotic states were analyzed as total automatisms. Multiple personalities, which Janet called 'successive existences,' partial catalepsy, absent-mindedness, phenomena of automatic writing, post-hypnotic suggestion, use of the divining rod, mediumistic trance, obsessions, fixed ideas, and the experience of possession were treated as partial automatisms."
- "Most importantly, Janet brought all of these phenomena together within an analytic framework that emphasized the ideomotor relationship between consciousness and action, employed a dynamic metaphor of psychic force and weakness, and stressed the concept of 'field of consciousness' and its narrowing as a result of depletion of psychic force. Within this framework, Janet analyzed the peculiar fixation of the patient on the therapist in rapport in terms of the distortion of the patient's perception, and related hysterical symptomatology to the autonomous power of 'idées fixes' split off from the conscious personality and submerged in the subconscious. Although careful to avoid direct discussion of the therapeutic implications of his work in a non-medical dissertation, Janet laid the foundations for his own and Freud's later therapeutic approaches through his demonstration of the origins of splitting in psychic traumas in the patient's past history" [Wozniak pp. 29-30].
Kierkegaard, regarded as the father of Existentialism, seemingly intended this massive work to be his last major philosophical text. "published in February 1846. Postscript was SK's last 'aesthetic' pseudonymous work, and he conceived of it as completing the architecture of his literary plan and thus ending his authorship. With typical Kierkegaardian humor, the enormous Postscript was technically an addendum to the tiny Philosophical Fragments, and it does indeed continue and complete the task of outlining an existential or 'paradoxical' Christianity which defies assimilation to any systematic philosophical categories, particularly the Hegelian." [Kirmmse. p.263 Kierkegaard: in Golden Age Denmark].
Contains 26 papers by Kleist, J. Zutt, H. E. Schulz, W. Villiger, H. Freund, W. Cermak, and others. The two by Kleist are "Beitrag zur gerichtlichen Bedeutung der ngstpsychose" and "Die gerichtliche und praktische Bedeutung von atypischen seelischen Störungen (ängstlich-ekstatische und ratlose Psychosen)."
Born in Alsace and trained as a neurologist, Kleist was instrumental in fashioning modern German neuropsychiatry and neuropsychology. From 1920 to 1950 Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Frankfurt am Main and Director of the University Neuropsychiatric Clinic, Kleist made numerous important contributions. From 1950 to 1960 he directed the Research Institute for Brain Pathology and Psychopathology. He introduced the terms "unipolar" (einpolig) and "bipolar" (zweipolig) and greatly influenced Karl Leonhard, with whom he collaborated.
Ress & McGuire General Bibliography of C. G. Jung's Writings German-1935d, page 28, mentioning only the Enke trade edition. OCLC locates only two copies: at the University of Lüneberg in Germany and at the University of Cincinnati. The author's University of Munich doctoral dissertation refereed 31 July, 1934 by Aloys Fischer and Alexander Pfänder. Published later in 1935 as a trade book by Ferdinand Enke in Stuttgart, with identical pagination but with "in der Auffassung" dropped from the title. Contains sections on Novalis, Schubert, C. G. Carus, Freud, Adler, and Jung (the largest section, pages 89-135). Jung's Geleitwort constitutes pages iii-vi. So far as we can ascertain, only Jung's preface has been translated into English, in volume 18 of the Collected Works, page 118.
GM-5 601; Zusne Biographical Dictionary of Psychology, pp. 308-9; Norman Catalog 1568 (original German edition); DSB: 567-74; Diamond Roots of Psychology 2.8; Waller 6730; Heirs of Hippocrates 1632; Wozniak Mind and Body #38 & pp. 38-39. Vol. I: Containing General Physiology, the Blood and Circulating System, the Lymph and Lymphatic System, respiration, Nutrition, Growth and Reproduction, secretion, Digestion, Functions of the Glands Without Efferent Ducts, Excretion and the Nervous System. Vol. II: Containing Ciliary Motion, Muscular and the Allied Motions, Voice and Speech, Mind, Generation, and Development. The first textbook of physiology and one of the most important scientific books of the 19th century, Müller's handbook played an important role in the emergence of the monist-materialist model in medicine and psychology. Müller's doctrine of specific nerve energies, of great importance in the history of psychology, first became widely known through this handbook.
- "Müller's work began a new era in the study of physiology: he pioneered the use of experimental methods in medicine, introduced the element of psychology into physiological investigation … and made the first attempts to explain physiological problems in terms of existing comparative physical and chemical knowledge" [Norman Catalog]. "It is largely through this work that physiology emerged as a medical discipline under Müller's leadership" [Heirs].
- "Fundamentally, the doctrine [of specific nerve energies] involved two cardinal principles. The first of these principles was that the mind is directly aware not of objects in the physical world but of states of the nervous system. The nervous system, in other words, serves as an intermediary between the world and the mind and thus imposes its own nature on mental processes. The second was that the qualities of the sensory nerves of which the mind receives knowledge in sensation are specific to the various senses, the nerve of vision being normally as insensible to sound as the nerve of audition is to light" [Wozniak p. 39].
Smith Ely Jelliffe's copy with his autopen signature to the paste-down, his last name penned to the title-page, and the spine call number, and the embossed stamp to the title-page and several internal leaves of The Hartford Retreat Library.
- Nicola Pende tried to understand the the role that hormonal abnormalities played in criminal phenomenon. He "argued the importance of the glands of internal secretion in the determination of the human constitution, and therefore laying the foundations of modern endocrinology." Through the conclusion that a genetic endocrine-sympatheic dysfunction occurs in the brain of some individuals, which prepare and encourage the criminal nature of certain impulsive acts, the term Biotypology, or the study of organisms sharing the same hereditary characteristics, was coined and first used in print in Pende's 1922 La debolezze di Costituzione: Introduzione alla costituzionale Pathology(preface). [It.Wikipedia: Nicola Pende].
Brunet V, 587-588. A French Huguenot, Sully assisted Henry IV in the rule of France. Born at the Château de Rosny, he was made duke of Sully in 1606. From 1596, when he was added to Henry's finance commission, Rosny introduced some order into France's economic affairs. As Superintendent of Finances he authorized the free export of grain & wine, reduced legal interest, established a special court to try cases of peculation, forbade provincial governors to raise money on their own authority, and otherwise removed many abuses of tax-collecting. In 1599 he was appointed grand commissioner of highways and public works, superintendent of fortifications, and grand master of artillery. His memoirs, written in the second person, are valuable for the history of the time and as an autobiography [Taken from Wikipedia entry on Sully 11/26/09, itself taken mostly from the 11th Britannica.]
Hunter & Macalpine pp. 933-38; Finger Origins of Neuroscience pp. 390-91 & 402.Section 2: New Arrivals 19 Oct - 27 Dec 2010: Non-Antiquarian items
- Based partly on his own experience, Wigan "promulgated a theory of mental illness based on the anatomical fact that the brain consists of two symmetrical hemispheres which he believed represented two separately complete organs with independent mental functions - hence 'duality of mind'. This was an inspired attempt to explain function by structure in the nervous system, that is psychology by neuro-anatomy … What makes this unusual book attractive is that Wigan did not set out to construct a philosophical system but elaborated an idea with clinical examples of delusions and hallucinations culled from the literature, his patients, and at length from his own mental experiences" [Hunter & Macalpine pp. 933-34].
- "Wigan clearly stressed the double-hemisphere construction of the brain. He explained the usual 'preponderance' (dominance) of one brain, the ability of one brain to substitute for the other, the results of disease of one brain leading to forms of insanity, and effects of obsessive behaviour, and the 'sentimentof preexistence' (déja vu). … The work followed up articles he had written for The Lancet [Basil Clark's entry on Wigan in the online ODNB].
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